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The forelimbs of higher vertebrates are composed of two portions: the appendicular region (stylopod, zeugopod and autopod) and the less prominent proximal girdle elements (scapula and clavicle) that brace the limb to the main trunk axis. We show that the formation of the muscles of the proximal limb occurs through two distinct mechanisms. The more(More)
Variation of the methoxycarbonyl and C-18 substituents of the antiaddictive compound 18-methoxycoronaridine, and contraction of its isoquinuclidine ring segment, provided 15 congeners for SAR evaluation at opioid and alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. The opioid activities were relatively low, and the alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor(More)
The avian scapula is a long bone located dorsally on the thorax. The cranial part that articulates with the upper limb is derived from the somatopleure of the forelimb field, while the caudal part, the scapula blade, originates from the dermomyotomes of brachial and thoracic somites. In previous studies, we have shown that scapula blade formation is(More)
In previous studies, we demonstrated the leishmanicide effect of coronaridine, a natural indole alkaloid isolated from stem bark of Peschiera australis (Delorenzi et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45:1349-1354, 2001). In this study we show the leishmanicidal effect of the synthetic coronaridine and its racemic 18-methoxylated analog,(More)
PURPOSE Endophthalmitis is mediated by inflammatory cytokines. We employed a quantitative antibody array, which profiles protein expression and function in a high-throughput manner, to identify inflammatory mediators in the infectious aqueous and vitreous humor from patients with endophthalmitis. METHODS In this prospective study, aqueous humor (AH) and(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementation of phytoecdysteroids (PEDS) extracted from Cyanotis arachnoidea on rumen fermentation, enzymes activity and microbial efficiency in a dual flow continuous-culture system. A single-factor experimental design was used with twelve fermenters in 4 groups with 3 replicates each.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of long-term tamponade with silicone oil on retinal saturation. METHODS A total of 49 eyes that received tamponade with silicone oil were included. The patients were divided into 3 groups (3-6 months, 6-9 months, and >9 months) according to the duration of silicone oil tamponade. Retinal oximetry was performed using the(More)
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