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Human tumor cells of the lines WiDr (adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid colon), NHIK 3025 (carcinoma of the cervix), and V79 Chinese hamster fibroblasts were treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and ALA esterified to C1-C3 and C6-C8 chained aliphatic alcohols (ALA-esters). In the human cell lines, esterification of ALA with the long-chain (C6-C8)(More)
Human colon adenocarcinoma cells (WiDr) and Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts cells (V79) were incubated with different concentrations of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), and the production of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) was studied using several techniques. The amount of PpIX produced per cell increased with increasing ALA concentration according to different(More)
The kinetics of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) production in normal tissues and WiDr tumors of mice were studied after topical application of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and its methyl ester and hexyl ester. ALA and ALA esters were applied on a spot of 1.0 cm diameter on normal skin and on skin overlaying tumors. PpIX production was studied by fluorescence(More)
Lung cancer (LC) with its different subtypes is generally known as a therapy resistant cancer with the highest morbidity rate worldwide. Therapy resistance of a tumor is thought to be related to cancer stem cells (CSCs) within the tumors. There have been indications that the lung cancer is propagated and maintained by a small population of CSCs. To study(More)
By using a chemical extraction assay and confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy, the kinetic patterns of uptake, elimination, and localization of meso-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)porphine (m-THPP) and its corresponding chlorin (m-THPC) in tumors and various normal tissues of female C3D2/F1 mice bearing CaD2 mammary carcinoma were studied after an i.p.(More)
Human adenocarcinoma cells of the line WiDr were incubated with 5-aminolevulinic acid to induce protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and then exposed to laser light of wavelength 635 nm. The PpIX fluorescence decreased with increasing exposure. The decay rate was slightly dependent on the initial PpIX concentration. The PpIX fluorescence was halved by a fluence of(More)
The photodynamic effect of a photoproduct of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was investigated in WiDr cells, a human adenocarcinoma cell line. The fluorescence excitation and emission spectra of PpIX and the photoproduct were measured. After 1, 3 or 5 min exposure of the ALA-incubated cells to 140 mW/cm(2) light at 635 nm,(More)
1. The cytotoxicity and cytokinetic effects of Mitomycin C (MC) and/or photochemotherapy (PCT) in cultured human colon adenocarcinoma (WiDr) cells were investigated using colony formation to determine cell survival and DNA flow cytometry to analyze cell kinetics. 2. A low concentration of MC (0.01 micrograms/ml) caused accumulation of cells in late S and(More)
Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to investigate the effect of mitomycin C (MC) on the cellular uptake of Photofrin II (PII) in a cultured human colon adenocarcinoma cell line (WiDr). The surface area of the cells increased as they passed through the cell cycle from G0/G1 to G2/M phase. MC retarded the cells in G2/M phase and enhanced the surface area of the(More)
UVB from the sun and intake from food are the only human sources of vitamin D. Tibet is a unique region for comparisons of these sources: (1) it lies at a low latitude and at a high altitude and has very large annual fluences of UVB; (2) the traditional Tibetan food is poor in vitamin D. Blood samples were taken from 63 persons of different age, with(More)