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To investigate the implications of the unique properties of fullerenes on their interaction with and passive transport into lipid membranes, atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of a C60 fullerene in a fully hydrated di-myristoyl-phoshatidylcholine lipid membrane have been carried out. In these simulations the free energy and the diffusivity of the(More)
B2B e-marketplaces have a profound influence on the traditional market and on the way business is conducted. All kinds of e-marketplaces are emerging and developing now, and we have witnessed both successes and failures among these e-marketplaces. However, the failures are far outnumber the successes. Under this background, the paper discusses the critical(More)
We have carried out atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of C60 fullerenes inside a dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine lipid bilayer and an alkane melt. Simulations reveal that the preferred position of a single C60 fullerene is about 6-7 A off of the center plane, allowing the fullerene to take advantage of strong dispersion interactions with denser(More)
The catabolite activator protein is a dimer that consists of two cAMP-binding subunits, each containing a C-terminus DNA-binding module and a N-terminus ligand binding domain. The system is well-known to exhibit negative cooperativity, whereby the binding of one cAMP molecule reduces the binding affinity of the other cAMP molecule by 2 orders of magnitude,(More)
Mammalian cell entry proteins (Mces) contribute to Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence. A mce homologue has been identified in the Leptospira interrogans genome, but its function was unknown. We showed that the mce gene is expressed only by pathogenic Leptospira strains tested. Leptospiral mce mRNA and Mce protein levels increased during infection of(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can impact viral infections by binding to sequences with partial complementarity on viral RNA transcripts, usually resulting in the repression of virus replication. In the present study, we identified a potential binding site for miR-130 in the 5' untranslated region (bps 155-162) of the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(More)
Interaction of the urokinase receptor (uPAR) with its binding partners such as the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) at the cell surface triggers a series of proteolytic and signaling events that promote invasion and metastasis. Here, we report the discovery of a small molecule (IPR-456) and its derivatives that inhibit the tight uPAR·uPA(More)
Leptospirosis, caused by different Leptospira species, is one of the most widespread zoonotic infections worldwide. Here we expressed three major leptospiral lipoproteins and examined their immunogenicity. All the pathogenic Leptospira strains tested possess the lipL21, lipL32 and lipL41 genes, but the latter two can be further divided into different gene(More)
The community structure-activity resource (CSAR) data sets are used to develop and test a support vector machine-based scoring function in regression mode (SVR). Two scoring functions (SVR-KB and SVR-EP) are derived with the objective of reproducing the trend of the experimental binding affinities provided within the two CSAR data sets. The features used to(More)
Compounds designed solely based on structure often do not result in any improvement of the binding affinity because of entropy-enthalpy compensation. Thermodynamic data along with structure provide an opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of this effect and aid in the refinement of scoring functions used in computational drug design. Here, we scoured(More)