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Shp2 is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) encoded by the PTPN11 gene. It is involved in growth factorinduced activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases Erk1 and Erk2 (Erk1/2) and has been implicated in the pathogenicity of the oncogenic bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Moreover, gain-of-function Shp2 mutations have been found in(More)
Search and recommendation systems must include contextual information to effectively model users' interests. In this paper, we present a systematic study of the effectiveness of five variant sources of contextual information for user interest modeling. Post-query navigation and general browsing behaviors far outweigh direct search engine interaction as an(More)
Cytokinesis partitions the cell by a cleavage furrow in animals but by a new cross wall in plants. How this new wall assembles at the molecular level and connects with the mother cell wall remains unclear. A lethal Arabidopsis embryogenesis mutant designated root-, shoot-, hypocotyl-defective (rsh) provides some clues: RSH encodes extensin AtEXT3, a(More)
Stable transformation of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv Ailsa Craig) plants with a construct containing the antisense sequence for the receiver domain and 3'-untranslated portion of the tomato ethylene receptor (LeETR1) under the control of an enhanced cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter resulted in some expected and unexpected phenotypes. In addition(More)
This paper presents a new algorithm to automatically solve algebra word problems. Our algorithm solves a word problem via analyzing a hypothesis space containing all possible equation systems generated by assigning the numbers in the word problem into a set of equation system templates extracted from the training data. To obtain a robust decision surface,(More)
Androgen receptor plays a critical role in the development of primary as well as advanced hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Therefore, ablation of androgen receptor from prostate cancer cells is an interesting concept for developing a new therapy not only for androgen-dependent prostate cancer but also for metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer,(More)
BACKGROUND It is recognized that a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) predicts incident type 2 diabetes in women. However, it is unclear if there is a racial disparity between the association of GDM and type 2 diabetes. METHODS We studied 1,142 women with a history of GDM and 18,856 women without a history of GDM aged 13-50 years with their(More)
Production of biofuels derived from microbial fatty acids has attracted great attention in recent years owing to their potential to replace petroleum-derived fuels. To be cost competitive with current petroleum fuel, flux toward the direct precursor fatty acids needs to be enhanced to approach high yields. Herein, fatty acyl-CoA metabolism in Saccharomyces(More)
The X protein (HBx) of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a transcriptional activator protein. The HBx protein plays an important role in viral replication in HBV infected cells and the liver diseases including hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, the repression of HBx gene expression by 10-23 DNAzymes might be a good way to(More)
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is a common disease with still unclear pathophysiologic mechanisms. The airway epithelial barrier has been shown to be involved in different chronic disorders, including rhinitis, nasal polyposis and asthma. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a primarily nuclear protein, is involved in the induction of airway(More)