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BACKGROUND Polymorphisms of interleukin-1B (IL1B) and its receptor antagonist (IL1RN) genes have been inconsistently associated with gastric cancer risk. We examined these associations by performing meta-analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-five studies testing the association between IL1B and/or IL1RN gene polymorphisms and gastric cancer were(More)
The C-terminus of the Helicobacter pylori CagA protein is polymorphic, bearing different EPIYA sequences (EPIYA-A, B, C or D), and one or more CagA multimerization (CM) motifs. The number of EPIYA-C motifs is associated with precancerous lesions and gastric cancer (GC). The relationship between EPIYA, CM motifs and gastric lesions was examined in H.(More)
Several polymorphisms of the IL1B and IL10 gene promoters have been reported to be associated with gastric cancer risk in Caucasians. However, studies in other populations have shown differing results. We aimed to test for associations between polymorphisms in IL1B (-31 and +3954), IL10-592 and IL1RN variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) and risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori infection is usually acquired in childhood, but little is known about its natural history in asymptomatic children, primarily due to the paucity of non-invasive diagnostic methods. H. pylori strains harboring cagA and specific alleles of hopQ and vacA are associated with increased risk for gastric cancer. Many studies of H.(More)
Helicobacter pylori is the principal cause of gastric cancer, the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. However, H. pylori prevalence generally does not predict cancer incidence. To determine whether coevolution between host and pathogen influences disease risk, we examined the association between the severity of gastric lesions and patterns(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Helicobacter pylori colonises the stomach in half of all humans, and is the principal cause of gastric cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. While gastric cancer rates correlate with H pylori prevalence in some areas, there are regions where infection is nearly universal, but rates of gastric cancer are low. In the(More)
Background: Polymorphisms of interleukin-1B (IL1B) and its receptor antagonist (IL1RN) genes have been inconsistently associated with gastric cancer risk. We examined these associations by performing meta-analyses. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five studies testing the association between IL1B and/or IL1RN gene polymorphisms and gastric cancer were(More)
SeventeenCampylobacter strains isolated from 16 children hospitalised with acute diarrhea were analysed by in vitro enzymatic amplification using two sets of oligonucleotide primers specific forCampylobacter jejuni andCampylobacter coli, respectively. Thirteen strains (76 %) were identified asCampylobacter jejuni and four strains (24 %) asCampylobacter(More)
Eosinophils and mast cells participate in the immune response against Helicobacter pylori, but their involvement in the gastric precancerous process is unclear. This study aimed to estimate eosinophil and mast cell density in antral mucosa in subjects from 2 Colombian populations with contrasting gastric cancer risks. Gastric mucosa biopsies were collected(More)
Gene promoter CpG island hypermethylation is associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and may be an important initiator of gastric carcinogenesis. To examine factors influencing methylation, we utilized bisulfite Pyrosequencing® technology for quantitative analysis of promoter DNA methylation in RPRM, APC, MGMT and TWIST1 genes using DNA(More)