Livio Marchiaro

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OBJECTIVES The evaluation of the possible role of dopamine in psychiatric disorders has been limited by the relative inadequacy of tools. A tempting approach to examine alterations of dopaminergic system in major depression is to examine the expression of dopamine receptors in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). METHODS D4 dopamine receptor (D4DR)(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare over 1 year the effect of sertraline and citalopram on depressive symptoms and cognitive functions of nondemented elderly patients with minor depressive disorder and subsyndromal depressive symptomatology. METHOD We recruited 138 consecutive non-demented outpatients of either sex, aged > or =65 years, who(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether depressive symptoms were significantly associated with functional outcome measures in a clinically stable group of outpatients with schizophrenia. We also analyzed whether depressive and negative symptoms presented different patterns of predictors. METHOD Seventy-eight consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND One third to two thirds of people with schizophrenia have persistent psychotic symptoms despite clozapine treatment. Under real-world circumstances, the need to provide effective therapeutic interventions to patients who do not have an optimal response to clozapine has been cited as the most common reason for simultaneously prescribing a second(More)
BACKGROUND Of the various Axis II disorders, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is among the more critical to treat. There are at present few results in terms of clinical outcome with the psychotropic agents available. Possible targets for pharmacotherapy are affective symptoms, cognitive disturbances, and impulsive, self-injurious behaviors. In previous(More)
BACKGROUND A number of studies investigated the relationships of age at onset with clinical presentation and cognitive performance of schizophrenic patients. The aim of the present study was to assess demographic and clinical characteristics; psychopathologic, social functioning, and quality-of-life ratings; and neuropsychological measures in a sample of(More)
OBJECTIVE Data in the literature comparing second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) and depot neuroleptics are scarce. The aim of this retrospective, naturalistic study is to examine the relative effectiveness of SGAs and depot neuroleptics in 2 matched groups of patients affected by schizophrenia. METHOD Between July 2004 and September 2004, we collected(More)
Dysthymic disorder is a chronic depressive condition with considerable psychosocial impairment. Even if DD patients respond to various antidepressant medications, there has been little systematic study on antidepressant-refractory DD. Only a few trials have evaluated the effects of treatment on psychosocial functioning of dysthymic patients. In this(More)
The present study aims at exploring the relationship between content-related aspects of delusions and hallucinations in schizophrenia and the basic domains of cognition, controlling for the other clinical and demographic variables that could produce bias in the interpretation of the results. Seventy stable schizophrenic patients were evaluated through(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy, safety and tolerability of donepezil in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Twenty-five patients (15 females and 10 males) with mild to moderate AD, according to DSM IV criteria, were recruited in the study. The principal efficacy measures were Alzheimer Disease(More)
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