Learn More
Insulin resistance is the best prediction factor for the clinical onset of type 2 diabetes. It was suggested that intramuscular triglyceride store may be a primary pathogenic factor for its development. To test this hypothesis, 14 young lean offspring of type 2 diabetic parents, a model of in vivo insulin resistance with increased risk to develop diabetes,(More)
The effect of insulin on plasma amino acid concentrations and leucine metabolism was examined in 18 healthy nondiabetic young volunteers and in 7 subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) with the euglycemic insulin-clamp technique (40 mU.m-2.min-1) in combination with [1-14C]leucine. All diabetic subjects were studied while in poor metabolic(More)
Insulin resistance plays a major role in the pathophysiology of diabetes and is associated with obesity and cardiovascular disease. Excellent methods exist for the assessment of insulin sensitivity in the laboratory setting, such as the glucose clamp. However, these methods are not suitable for large population studies, and, thus, surrogate estimates of(More)
OBJECTIVE Some obese individuals have normal insulin sensitivity. It is controversial whether this phenotype is associated with increased all-cause mortality risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fifteen-year all-cause mortality data were obtained through the Regional Health Registry for 2,011 of 2,074 Caucasian middle-aged individuals of the Cremona Study, a(More)
The effect of low-dose insulin treatment (5-10 U/h) on hepatic glucose production (HGP) and peripheral glucose disposal was determined in 5 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) subjects who were admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA; plasma glucose 598 +/- 50 mg/dl, blood pH 7.20 +/- 0.06, plasma bicarbonate 12 +/- 2 meq/L). Basal hepatic glucose(More)
Soon after the onset of type 1 diabetes, renal hypertrophy and hyperfiltration become manifest, particularly among patients who will subsequently develop diabetic nephropathy. Whether these early renal dysfunctions are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy is currently unclear. We evaluated, during the same day, kidney volume and glomerular(More)
Insulin resistance is a key pathogenic factor of type 2 diabetes (T2DM); in contrast, in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) it is considered a secondary alteration. Increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content accumulation and reduced plasma adiponectin were suggested to be pathogenic events of insulin resistance in T2DM. This study was designed to assess whether(More)
We examined the effect of insulin and plasma amino acid concentrations on leucine kinetics in 15 healthy volunteers (age 22 +/- 2 yr) using the euglycemic insulin clamp technique and an infusion of [1-14C]leucine. Four different experimental conditions were examined: (a) study one, high insulin with reduced plasma amino acid concentrations; (b) study two,(More)
Plasma free fatty acids and intramyocellular triglycerides (IMCL) content modulate whole body insulin sensitivity in humans. To test whether the interactions between fatty acid metabolism and insulin action in nonobese humans are related to gender factors, we studied 15 young, normal weight, healthy men and 15 women matched for life habits and whole body(More)
In this study, pancreas transplantation is used as a clinical model of pancreas denervation in humans. To assess the role of innervation on the feedback autoinhibition of insulin secretion, we studied four groups of subjects--group 1: 16 patients with combined pancreas and kidney transplantation (plasma glucose = 5.1 mM, HbA1c = 6.4%, creatinine = 86 mM);(More)