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The African penguin is a nesting seabird endemic to southern Africa. In penguins of the genus Spheniscus vocalisations are important for social recognition. However, it is not clear which acoustic features of calls can encode individual identity information. We recorded contact calls and ecstatic display songs of 12 adult birds from a captive colony. For(More)
The African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) is a highly social and vocal seabird. However, currently available descriptions of the vocal repertoire of African Penguin are mostly limited to basic descriptions of calls. Here we provide, for the first time, a detailed description of the vocal behaviour of this species by collecting audio and video recordings(More)
Vocal learning is a rare skill in mammals, and we have limited information about the contexts in which they use it. Previous studies suggested that cetaceans in general are skilled at imitating sounds, but only few species have been studied to date. To expand this investigation to another species and to investigate the possible influence of the social(More)
Animal vocalisations play a role in individual recognition and mate choice. In nesting penguins, acoustic variation in vocalisations originates from distinctiveness in the morphology of the vocal apparatus. Using the source-filter theory approach, we investigated vocal individuality cues and correlates of body size and mass in the ecstatic display songs the(More)
Penguins produce contact calls to maintain social relationships and group cohesion. Such vocalisations have recently been demonstrated to encode individual identity information in the African penguin. Using a source-filter theory approach, we investigated whether acoustic cues of individuality can also be found in other Spheniscus penguins and the acoustic(More)
In spite of all the information available on adult bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) biosonar, the ontogeny of its echolocation abilities has been investigated very little. Earlier studies have reported that neonatal dolphins can produce both whistles and burst-pulsed sounds just after birth and that early-pulsed sounds are probably a precursor of(More)
Clinical, electrocardiographic, and scintigraphic data were reviewed from 32 patients (18 men and 14 women) who had syndrome X (chest pain, evidence of ischaemia, and normal coronary arteries without coronary vasospasm). The mean (SD) resting left ventricular ejection fraction, determined by first pass radionuclide angiography was 62.6 (9.2)% and was(More)
Cerebrovascular resistance was measured in 10 rats with increasing dosages of 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). The internal carotid artery was perfused at constant flow with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms, and dose-response curves to 10 mu 1 boluses of 5-HT were compared with similar dose-response curves obtained(More)
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