Livia M Zimmermann

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Background Hypoglycemia unawareness affects approximately 25% of patients with type 1 diabetes and is strong associated with severe hypoglycemia. Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy (CAN) is one important factor related to hypoglycemia unawareness, although its role is not fully understood due to conflicting data in the literature. Heart rate variability(More)
BACKGROUND The occurrence of hypoglycemia has been associated with the presence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy. Cardiovascular autonomic reflex tests are the gold standard diagnostic method for cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy. Nevertheless, impaired heart rate variability indices on spectral analysis have been reported before cardiovascular(More)
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