Liv M I Austenaa

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Jmjd3, a JmjC family histone demethylase, is induced by the transcription factor NF-kB in response to microbial stimuli. Jmjd3 erases H3K27me3, a histone mark associated with transcriptional repression and involved in lineage determination. However, the specific contribution of Jmjd3 induction and H3K27me3 demethylation to inflammatory gene expression(More)
Histone methyltransferases catalyze site-specific deposition of methyl groups, enabling recruitment of transcriptional regulators. In mammals, trimethylation of lysine 4 in histone H3, a modification localized at the transcription start sites of active genes, is catalyzed by six enzymes (SET1a and SET1b, MLL1-MLL4) whose specific functions are largely(More)
Upon recruitment to active enhancers and promoters, RNA polymerase II (Pol II) generates short non-coding transcripts of unclear function. The mechanisms that control the length and the amount of ncRNAs generated by cis-regulatory elements are largely unknown. Here, we show that the adaptor protein WDR82 and its associated complexes actively limit such(More)
surface expression, perhaps as a result of immunoediting at an early stage. In conclusion, the study by Stern-Ginossar and colleagues considerably advances knowledge of NKG2D ligand regulation, a research area linked to severely deleterious human health concerns. The intricacies of MIC ligand regulation in cancer remain to be fully explored. The factors(More)
Enhancers and promoters that control the transcriptional output of terminally differentiated cells include cell type-specific and broadly active housekeeping elements. Whether the high constitutive activity of these two groups of cis-regulatory elements relies on entirely distinct or instead also on shared regulators is unknown. By dissecting the(More)
Macrophages play an important role in tumor promotion, usually acting as facilitators of cancer initiation and progression. However, it is not clear how macrophages impact early phases of tumorigenesis. Using genetically modified mouse models, Guo et al. (pp. 247-259) demonstrated that tumor-initiating cells with an activated Hippo pathway are able to(More)
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