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Hepatocellular carcinoma is a typical hypervascular tumor resulted from excessive growth of tumor cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that the lipoxygenase is considered as a potential therapeutic target and have important influence on human cancers. However, whether the 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LO-1)/15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) pathway(More)
Chronic hypoxia is the most common cause of secondary pulmonary hypertension, for which the mechanisms are still unclear. Recent studies implicated an important role for microRNAs (miRNAs) in hypoxia-mediated responses in various cellular processes, including cell apoptosis and proliferation. Therefore, we hypothesized that these regulatory molecules might(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (CXCL12) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) are known to modulate hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) and vascular remodeling by mobilization and recruitment of progenitor cells to the pulmonary vasculature. However, little is known about CXCL12/CXCR4 regulating proliferation and cell cycle progression of(More)
BACKGROUND Tanshinone IIA inhibits the proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), but the potential mechanisms of its effects on PASMCs apoptosis remain unclear. METHODS Rat were subjected to hypoxia for 9 days with or without Tanshinone IIA treatment. PASMCs were exposed to the conditions of 2% O2 and 93% N2 for 24 h in vitro.(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disease characterized by thickening of pulmonary artery walls, elevated pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary vascular thrombotic lesions, and right heart failure. Recent studies suggest that 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO)/15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) play an important role in PAH, acting on arterial(More)
We have established that 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid is an important factor in regulation of pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) associated with hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH), which is further metabolized by 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) to form 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid (15-KETE). However, the role of 15-PGDH and(More)
Hypoxia activates nuclear factor of activated T cells isoforms c3 (NFATc3), a Ca(2+)-dependent transcription factor in murine pulmonary arteries (PAs), and NFATc3 has been proved to be implicated in hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) proliferation, but it remains unclear whether NFATc3 acts on the apoptosis of PASMCs, an(More)
Our laboratory has previously demonstrated that 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO)/15-hydroxyeicosatetr-aenoic acid (15-HETE) is involved in hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Phenotypical alterations of vascular smooth muscle cells are considered to be an important stage in the development of PAH, whereas the underlying mechanisms and signaling systems(More)
A20 is a zinc finger protein associated with hypoxia. As chronic hypoxia is responsible for intimal hyperplasia and disordered angiogenesis of pulmonary artery, which are histological hallmarks of pulmonary artery hypertension, we intended to explore the role of A20 in angiogenesis of pulmonary artery endothelial cells (ECs). Here, we found a transient(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the role of the Rho pathway in the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) paracrine signal-mediated bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) promotion of apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). METHODS A BMSC-HSC co-culture system was established using plates with transwell inserts. Dynamic changes in response to pretreatment with(More)