Liubo Hong

We don’t have enough information about this author to calculate their statistics. If you think this is an error let us know.
Learn More
The irregularities appeared in the R-H curves of MRAM cell were identified as caused by the existence of free layer magnetization vortex (type "V") and horseshoe (type "H") configurations. Both states can appear intermittently during repeat measurements and cause different types of MRAM write operation failure. Methods to reduce these states were proposed.(More)
  • 1