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Methylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 by SUV39H1 and subsequent recruitment of the heterochromatin protein HP1 has recently been linked to gene silencing. In addition to lysine 9, histone H3 methylation also occurs at lysines 4, 27, and 36. Here, we report the purification, molecular identification, and functional characterization of an H3-lysine 4-specific(More)
Acetylation of core histone tails plays a fundamental role in transcription regulation. In addition to acetylation, other posttranslational modifications, such as phosphorylation and methylation, occur in core histone tails. Here, we report the purification, molecular identification, and functional characterization of a histone H4-specific methyltransferase(More)
Techniques for extracting small, single channel ion currents from background noise are described and tested. It is assumed that single channel currents are generated by a first-order, finite-state, discrete-time, Markov process to which is added 'white' background noise from the recording apparatus (electrode, amplifiers, etc). Given the observations and(More)
High affinity monoamine transporters efficiently terminate neurotransmission through synaptic reuptake of released neurotransmitter. We recently cloned and characterized a novel low-affinity, high capacity plasma membrane monoamine transporter (PMAT) that is strongly expressed in the human brain and efficiently transports 5-HT and dopamine (DA). In efforts(More)
Excess collagen IV expression by mesangial cells contributes to diabetic glomerulosclerosis. We hypothesized that in high glucose reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by NADPH oxidase is PKC dependent and required for collagen IV expression by mesangial cells. In rat mesangial cells cultured in 5 mM (NG) or 25 mM d-glucose (HG), RT-PCR and Western(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (tRA) and arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) induce non-cross-resistant complete clinical remission in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia with t(15;17) translocation and target PML-RARalpha, the leukemogenic protein, by different pathways suggesting a possible therapeutic synergism. To evaluate this possibility, this study examined(More)
Vertebrate U14 snoRNAs are encoded within hsc70 pre-mRNA introns and U14 biosynthesis occurs via an intron-processing pathway. We have shown previously that essential processing signals are located in the termini of the mature U14 molecule and replacement of included boxes C or D with oligo C disrupts snoRNA synthesis. The experiments detailed here now(More)
Essential elements for intronic U14 processing have been analyzed by microinjecting various mutant hsc70/Ul4 pre-mRNA precursors into Xenopus oocyte nuclei. Initial truncation experiments revealed that elements sufficient for U14 processing are located within the mature snoRNA sequence itself. Subsequent deletions within the U14 coding region demonstrated(More)
During development inhibitor of DNA-bind-2 (Id2) regulates proliferation and differentiation. Id2 expression has been detected in cancer cells, yet its cellular function and validity as a therapeutic target remains largely unknown. Immunohistochemical analysis of colorectal cancer (CRC) specimens revealed that Id2 was undetectable in normal colonic mucosa,(More)
Four cyclic-nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) genes belonging to the PDE4 family (PDE4A, 4B, 4C and 4D) have been identified. All four isogenes, including several deletions and alterations of the amino, carboxyl and central catalytic domains, were expressed in insect cells. Lysates were characterised for enzyme activity by using the Km for substrate and(More)