Liu-Ming Schmidt

Learn More
The short-chain fatty acid butyrate was readily taken up by Caco-2 cells. Transport exhibited saturation kinetics, was enhanced by low extracellular pH, and was Na(+) independent. Butyrate uptake was unaffected by DIDS; however, alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate and the butyrate analogs propionate and L-lactate significantly inhibited uptake. These results(More)
The identity of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) isoforms in the human small intestine and colon and their role in vectorial Na+ absorption are not known. The present studies were undertaken to examine the regional and vertical axis distribution of NHE-1, NHE-2, and NHE-3 mRNA in the human intestine. Ribonuclease protection assays were used to quantitate the levels(More)
A reproducible method was developed to determine the ability of chlamydial antigens to stimulate lymphocytes from volunteers. In tests repeated 4 to 14 times, the cells from a given volunteer gave a relatively narrow range of responses, but there were great differences in the mean response of different volunteers. In the entire group of 52 volunteers,(More)
PURPOSE Bowel preparations for colonoscopy have to balance the demand for adequate cleansing action of the bowel and patient acceptability. There has been no study comparing Picoprep-3 (sodium picosulfate), a relatively new product, to Fleet (sodium phosphate), a well-studied and widely used preparation. This study was designed to compare the efficacy and(More)
The authors investigated various enzymatic digestion procedures for isolating epithelial cells from the distal colon of New Zealand White male rabbits. Rabbit mucosa was washed, diced, and digested for 90 minutes in one of five different solutions, including a new combination consisting of 0.03% collagenase IV and 0.1% pronase (solution V). Solution I (0.3%(More)
The adherence of Escherichia coli to human uroepithelial cells obtained from midstream urine specimens of healthy women was studied. Bacteria labeled with [(3)H]uridine were used, and unattached organisms were separated from the epithelial cells by vacuum filtration with 5-mum-pore-size Nucleopore membrane filters. These techniques allowed adherence to be(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Rabbit esophageal cells show an amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ antiporter activity. Several distinct molecular isoforms of the Na+/H+ exchanger family (NHE) are reported to be present in the gastrointestinal tract of rats and rabbits. The aim of this study was to examine which isoforms are present in rabbit and rat esophageal cells and whether(More)
In the present report, we describe the cloning of a human colonic cDNA that describes the full-length Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) 2 coding region. The human NHE2 (hNHE2) cDNA encodes for a polypeptide of 812 amino acids with a 90% overall identity to both rabbit and rat NHE2 isoforms. In comparison with SLC9A2, recently reported as the human NHE2, the hNHE2(More)
BACKGROUND In many cell types, basolateral K+ channels are important in maintaining transepithelial Na+ absorption and regulatory volume decrease (RVD) after hyposmolar stress. However, in the esophagus the effect of K+ transport in maintaining baseline short-circuit current (SCC) (Na+ absorption) and RVD is unknown. METHODS Ussing chambers were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Regulatory volume decrease (RVD) after osmotic cellular swelling has been shown in several gastrointestinal epithelia but not in esophageal cells. In acid reflux disease, esophageal injury may be related in part to loss of RVD. METHODS Isolated basal esophageal cells were exposed to an external hyposmolar solution, and changes in relative cell(More)