Alzheimer disease (AD) is a clinicopathologic syndrome of unknown etiology with numerous abnormalities in neuronal and nonneuronal cells. A review of the literature suggests that a common basic intracellular defect may underlie many of the reported abnormalities. We hypothesize impairment of the microtubule (MT) system as one explanation for the… (More)
Sixty unipolar depressed geriatric outpatients were subjects in a double-blind study of a new antidepressant, trazodone, versus imipramine and placebo. Over the four week study, patients in the two active medication groups improved significantly compared to placebo on both observer and self-ratings. Although imipramine and trazodone had similar therapeutic… (More)
A meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate data published between January 1974 and February 1998 comparing rates of treatment response and tolerability of pharmacological and psychological treatments for depression in persons over age 55. Drugs (tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, and a mixed group of other drugs) were… (More)
This review of the literature examines systematically the data currently available for potassium-channel blockers to reassess their clinical potential in Alzheimer disease. The conclusion is that potassium-channel blockers may have been dismissed prematurely for the treatment of Alzheimer disease, an impression supported by data indicating intimate… (More)
The objective of this pilot study on a convenience sample of 25 offspring of Alzheimer patients (mean age 61.5 +/- 8.8 years; range, 50-82) was the early detection of neurocognitive decline. This preliminary report appears to be the first one dealing with 20-year follow-up of neurocognitive data of Alzheimer's disease (AD) children. Digit symbol (Wechsler… (More)
The authors describe two case histories of patients served by the GET SMART program that provide a glimpse of typical client substance abuse histories and their remarkable journeys of change. An age-specific outpatient program for older veterans with illicit drug and alcohol dependence, the GET SMART program uses individualized and group treatment… (More)
Longitudinal changes in cognitive functioning were examined for a sample of aging twins, some of whom developed dementia while others did not. Individuals who were judged to be demented at a mean age of eighty-five years had achieved lower scores on most tests twenty years prior to diagnosis, and experienced greater declines in vocabulary and forward digit… (More)
An extensive review of the literatureon sex differences in human intelligence leads to the conclusion that there is stron evidence for sex differences in processing both verbal and spatial information. The few genetic studies that there are all point toward a sex-link mode of inheritance of certain spatial abilities.