Liskin Swint-Kruse

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In 1961, Jacob and Monod proposed the operon model for gene regulation based on metabolism of lactose in Escherichia coli [1]. This proposal was followed by an explication of allosteric behavior by Monod and colleagues [2]. The operon model rationally depicted how genetic mechanisms can control metabolic events in response to environmental stimuli via(More)
LacI/GalR transcription regulators have extensive, non-conserved interfaces between their regulatory domains and the 18 amino acids that serve as 'linkers' to their DNA-binding domains. These non-conserved interfaces might contribute to functional differences between paralogs. Previously, two chimeras created by domain recombination displayed novel(More)
In protein families, conserved residues often contribute to a common general function, such as DNA-binding. However, unique attributes for each homolog (e.g. recognition of alternative DNA sequences) must arise from variation in other functionally-important positions. The locations of these "specificity determinant" positions are obscured amongst the(More)
We present here the results of a series of small-angle X-ray scattering studies aimed at understanding the role of conformational changes and structural flexibility in DNA binding and allosteric signaling in a bacterial transcription regulator, lactose repressor protein (LacI). Experiments were designed to detect possible conformational changes that occur(More)
UNLABELLED To aid detailed comparison of a large number of macromolecular structures, Resmap imports Protein Data Bank files and represents subunit/domain interfaces as two-dimensional networks. AVAILABILITY SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION Default definitions and directions for graphically managing networks are(More)
One emphasis of the Gibbs Conference on Biothermodynamics is the value of thermodynamic measurements for understanding behaviors of biological systems. In this study, the correlation between thermodynamic measurements of in vitro DNA binding affinity with in vivo transcription repression was investigated for two transcription repressors. In the first(More)
The lactose repressor protein (LacI) was among the very first genetic regulatory proteins discovered, and more than 1000 members of the bacterial LacI/GalR family are now identified. LacI has been the prototype for understanding how transcription is controlled using small metabolites to modulate protein association with specific DNA sites. This(More)
Two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to monitor proton-deuterium exchange rates (kobs) for more than 30 residues in turkey ovomucoid third domain. To test whether exchange is governed by global unfolding, rates were measured over a wide range of pH and temperatures where the change in the free energy of unfolding (delta(More)
Thermal denaturation of turkey ovomucoid third domain (OMTKY3) has been monitored with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and circular dichroism in H2O and D2O, pH 1.5 to 5 and ionic strength 0.01 to 0.71. Results from DSC experiments are in good agreement with spectroscopic studies [Swint, L., & Robertson, A.D. (1993) Protein Sci. 2, 2037-2049] and(More)
Protein structural change underlies many signal transduction processes. Although end-state structures are known for various allosteric proteins, intermediates are difficult to observe. Recently, targeted molecular dynamics simulation (TMD) was used to examine the conformational transition and predict relevant intermediates for wild-type lactose repressor(More)