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Hydrogen bonds play critical roles in protein structure, stability, and function. Most hydrogen bonds in proteins are derived from their crystal structures and the use of standard covalent geometry information, because the positions of hydrogen atoms are defined only in a limited number of ultrahigh-resolution crystal structures. On the other hand, NMR(More)
The ability to design thermostable proteins offers enormous potential for the development of novel protein bioreagents. In this work, a combined computational and experimental method was developed to increase the T m of the flavin mononucleotide based fluorescent protein Bacillus Subtilis YtvA LOV domain by 31 Celsius, thus extending its applicability in(More)
The liquid crystalline phase consisting of the potassium salt of the dinucleotide d(GpG) is compatible with detergents commonly used for solubilizing membrane proteins, including dodecylphosphocholine, the lysolipid 1-palmitoyl-2-hydroxy-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, and small bicelles consisting of dihexanoyl phosphatidylcholine and dimyristoyl(More)
A QM/MM method that combines ONIOM quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics is developed and applied to a step in the deamination of cytosine to uracil in yeast cytosine deaminase (yCD). A two-layer ONIOM calculation is used for the reaction complex, with an inner part treated at a high level for the chemical reaction (bond breaking) and a middle part(More)
Cytochrome P450 enzymes are capable of catalyzing a great variety of synthetically useful reactions such as selective C-H functionalization. Surrogate redox partners are widely used for reconstitution of P450 activity based on the assumption that the choice of these auxiliary proteins or their mode of action does not affect the type and selectivity of(More)
An attempt is made to evaluate the dielectric constant of the Trichoderma reesei Cel7B active site. Through kinetic measurements, the pKa value of the catalytic acid E201 is determined. Mutations (away from E201) with net charge changes are introduced to perturb the E201 pKa. It is shown that the mutation with a +1 charge change (including G225R, G230R, and(More)
The hydrogen bond plays a vital role in structural arrangement, intermediate state stabilization, materials function, and biological activity of certain enzymatic reactions. The solvent and electronic effects on hydrogen bonds are illustrated employing the polarizable contimuum model at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. Geometry optimizations reflect the(More)
Hydrogen bonds or salt bridges are usually formed to stabilize the buried ionizable residues. However, such interactions do not exist for two buried residues D271 and E305 of Trichoderma reesei Cel5A, an endoglucanase. Mutating D271 to alanine or leucine improves the enzyme thermostability quantified by the temperature T50 due to the elimination of the(More)
For proteins that denature irreversibly, the denaturation is typically triggered by a partial unfolding, followed by a permanent change (e.g., aggregation). The regions that initiate the partial unfolding are named "weak spots". In this work, a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and data analysis protocol is developed to identify the weak spots of(More)
A NMR protocol is introduced that permits accurate measurement of minute, remote chemical shift perturbations (CSPs), caused by a mutation-induced change in the electric field. Using protein GB3 as a model system, (1)H(N) CSPs in K19A and K19E mutants can be fitted to small changes in the electric field at distal sites in the protein using the Buckingham(More)