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A novel iterative procedure is described that allows both the orientation and dynamics of internuclear bond vectors to be determined from direct interpretation of NMR dipolar couplings, measured under at least three orthogonal alignment conditions. If five orthogonal alignments are available, the approach also yields information on the degree of motional(More)
The liquid crystalline phase consisting of the potassium salt of the dinucleotide d(GpG) is compatible with detergents commonly used for solubilizing membrane proteins, including dodecylphosphocholine, the lysolipid 1-palmitoyl-2-hydroxy-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, and small bicelles consisting of dihexanoyl phosphatidylcholine and dimyristoyl(More)
The complete path for the deamination reaction catalyzed by yeast cytosine deaminase (yCD), a zinc metalloenzyme of significant biomedical interest, has been investigated using the ONIOM method. Cytosine deamination proceeds via a sequential mechanism involving the protonation of N(3), the nucleophilic attack of C(4) by the zinc-coordinated hydroxide, and(More)
The catalytic mechanism of Bacillus subtilis guanine deaminase (bGD), a Zn metalloenzyme, has been investigated by a combination of quantum mechanical calculations using the multilayered ONIOM method and molecular dynamics simulations. In contrast to a previously proposed catalytic mechanism, which requires the bound guanine to assume a rare tautomeric(More)
Hydrogen bonds play critical roles in protein structure, stability, and function. Most hydrogen bonds in proteins are derived from their crystal structures and the use of standard covalent geometry information, because the positions of hydrogen atoms are defined only in a limited number of ultrahigh-resolution crystal structures. On the other hand, NMR(More)
Effects of superficial gas velocity and top clearance on gas holdup, liquid circulation velocity, mixing time, and mass transfer coefficient are investigated in a new airlift loop photobioreactor (PBR), and empirical models for its rational control and scale-up are proposed. In addition, the impact of top clearance on hydrodynamics, especially on the gas(More)
The ability to design thermostable proteins offers enormous potential for the development of novel protein bioreagents. In this work, a combined computational and experimental method was developed to increase the T m of the flavin mononucleotide based fluorescent protein Bacillus Subtilis YtvA LOV domain by 31 Celsius, thus extending its applicability in(More)
A QM/MM method that combines ONIOM quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics is developed and applied to a step in the deamination of cytosine to uracil in yeast cytosine deaminase (yCD). A two-layer ONIOM calculation is used for the reaction complex, with an inner part treated at a high level for the chemical reaction (bond breaking) and a middle part(More)
Triple resonance E.COSY-based techniques were used to measure intra-residue and sequential H(N)-H(alpha) residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) for the third IgG-binding domain of protein G (GB3), aligned in Pf1 medium. Measurements closely correlate with values predicted on the basis of an NMR structure, previously determined on the basis of a large number of(More)