Lisha G. Brown

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PURPOSE In this study we have examined the effects of zoledronic acid (ZA), a new-generation bisphosphonate, on prostate cancer (CaP) cells in vitro, and on both osteoblastic and osteolytic CaP metastases in animal models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In vitro, CaP cells were treated with ZA, and the effects on proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis were(More)
After development of hormone-refractory metastatic disease, prostate cancer is incurable. The recent history of chemotherapy has shown that with difficult disease targets, combinatorial therapy frequently offers the best chance of a cure. In this study we have examined the effects of a combination of zoledronic acid (ZOL), a new-generation bisphosphonate,(More)
Zoledronic acid (ZA) has been shown to inhibit prostate tumor growth in vitro and have beneficial effects in patients with advanced prostate cancer (CaP). The aim of this study was to determine whether ZA exhibits direct anti-tumor effects on CaP cells in vivo. To distinguish the effects of inhibition of osteolysis and direct anti-tumor activity of ZA in(More)
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a critical regulator of osteoclastogenesis, is expressed by prostate cancer cells, and OPG levels are increased in patients with prostate cancer bone metastases. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of OPG overexpression on prostate cancer cells and prostate cancer/bone cell interactions in vitro and in vivo.(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer (CaP) bone metastases express numerous proteins associated with bone cells. Specific transcription factors, including Runx2, regulate the expression of many bone-related factors in osteoblasts. Expression of these transcription factors in CaP may be linked to the ability of CaP bone metastases to influence bone remodeling. (More)
BACKGROUND Dasatinib is a small molecule kinase inhibitor that has recently been shown to inhibit Src family kinases (SFK) and also has activity against CaP. Of importance to metastatic CaP, which frequently metastasises to bone, SFK are also vital to the regulation of bone remodelling. We sought to determine the ability of dasatinib to inhibit growth of(More)
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men and is often associated with bone metastases. Prostate cancer bone lesions can be lytic or schlerotic, with the latter predominating. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a family of growth factors, which may play a role in the formation of prostate cancer osteoblastic bone metastases. This(More)
PURPOSE The neuroendocrine phenotype is associated with the development of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Our objective was to characterize the molecular features of the neuroendocrine phenotype in CRPC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression of chromogranin A (CHGA), synaptophysin (SYP), androgen receptor (AR), and prostate-specific(More)
BACKGROUND The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) regulate cell growth, differentiation, and stress responses, and many critical signaling pathways are subject to cross-regulation by MAPK signaling. Previous studies have yielded evidence of cross-talk between the MAPK pathways and androgen receptor (AR) signaling, which plays a critical role in(More)
BACKGROUND To improve the therapy of advanced prostate cancer (CaP), it is critical to develop animal models that mimic CaP bone metastases. Unlike the human disease, CaP xenograft models rarely metastasize spontaneously to bone from the orthotopic site of primary tumor growth. METHODS Single-cell suspensions of LNCaP, PC-3, LuCaP 35, and LuCaP 23.1 CaP(More)