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OBJECTIVE The pharmacological profile of escitalopram, the S-(+)-enantiomer of citalopram, was studied and compared with citalopram and the R-(-)-enantiomer, R-citalopram. METHODS Inhibition of the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) was studied in COS-1 cells expressing the human 5-HTT (h-5-HTT) and in rat brain synaptosomes. In vitro selectivity was studied(More)
1-[2-(2,4-Dimethylphenyl-sulfanyl)-phenyl]-piperazine (Lu AA21004) is a human (h) serotonin (5-HT)(3A) receptor antagonist (K(i) = 3.7 nM), h5-HT(7) receptor antagonist (K(i) = 19 nM), h5-HT(1B) receptor partial agonist (K(i) = 33 nM), h5-HT(1A) receptor agonist (K(i) = 15 nM), and a human 5-HT transporter (SERT) inhibitor (K(i) = 1.6 nM) (J Med Chem(More)
1. Clinical observations with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), S-citalopram, indicate that S-citalopram is more efficacious and produces earlier symptom relief than RS-citalopram. Since R-citalopram is at least 20-fold weaker than S-citalopram as inhibitor of the 5-HT transporter (SERT) in preclinical studies, the clinical data suggest an(More)
This study examined the efficacy of sertindole in comparison with a selective 5-HT6 and a 5-HT2A receptor antagonist to reverse sub-chronic phencyclidine (PCP)-induced cognitive deficits in female rats. In the first test, adult female hooded Lister rats were trained to perform an operant reversal learning task to 90% criterion. After training, rats were(More)
In the rat, selective suppression of conditioned avoidance response has been widely reported as a test with high predictive validity for antipsychotic efficacy. Recent studies have shown that the relationship between dopamine D2 receptor occupancy and the suppression of conditioned avoidance response behaviour correlates well with the relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bridging the gap between preclinical research and clinical trials is vital for drug development. Predicting clinically relevant steady-state drug concentrations (Css) in serum from preclinical animal models may facilitate this transition. Here we used a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling approach to evaluate the(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the most widely prescribed antidepressant drugs. However, they exhibit a slow onset of action, putatively due to the initial decrease in serotonin cell firing mediated via somato-dendritic autoreceptors. Interestingly, blockade of 5-HT(2C) receptors significantly potentiates the effect of citalopram, a selective(More)
RATIONALE The novel antipsychotic aripiprazole in use for treatment of schizophrenia is a partial agonist at dopamine D2 receptors with actions at a variety of other receptors as well. Cocaine is believed to exert an important part of its rewarding effect by increasing extracellular levels of dopamine that subsequently act at dopamine D2 receptors. (More)
The effects of five antidepressants (escitalopram, paroxetine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, and reboxetine) on the sleep architecture were investigated in freely moving rats in the light phase of a 12:12 h light:dark cycle following a single i.p. dose of antidepressant. Overall, paroxetine and escitalopram exhibited the least sleep disruptive profiles, whereas(More)
1. Binding of the novel radioligand (3)H-2-(2-dimethylaminomethyl-phenylsulphanyl)-5-methyl-phenylamine ((3)H-MADAM) to the serotonin transporter (SERT) was used to characterise a range of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in vitro and in vivo. 2. (3)H-MADAM bound with high affinity in a saturable manner to both human SERT expressed in CHO(More)