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Pre-mRNA splicing is functionally coupled to transcription, and genotoxic stresses can enhance alternative exon inclusion by affecting elongating RNA polymerase II. We report here that various genotoxic stress inducers, including camptothecin (CPT), inhibit the interaction between Ewing's sarcoma proto-oncoprotein (EWS), an RNA polymerase II-associated(More)
Alternative promoters (AP) occur in >30% protein-coding genes and contribute to proteome diversity. However, large-scale analyses of AP regulation are lacking, and little is known about their potential physiopathologic significance. To better understand the transcriptomic effect of estrogens, which play a major role in breast cancer, we analyzed gene and AP(More)
Altered expression of microRNAs (miRNA), an abundant class of small nonprotein-coding RNAs that mostly function as negative regulators of protein-coding gene expression, is common in cancer. Here, we analyze the regulation of miRNA expression in response to estrogen, a steroid hormone that is involved in the development and progression of breast carcinomas(More)
It has been shown that alternative splicing is especially prevalent in brain and testis when compared to other tissues. To test whether there is a specific propensity of these tissues to generate splicing variants, we used a single source of high-density microarray data to perform both splicing factor and exon expression profiling across 11 normal human(More)
In the field of bioinformatics, exon profiling is a developing area of disease-associated transcriptome analysis. In this study, we performed a microarray-based transcriptome analysis at the single exon level in mouse 4T1 primary mammary tumors with different metastatic capabilities. A novel bioinformatics platform was developed that identified 679 genes(More)
While early steps of gene expression, such as transcription preinitiation, are known to often be rate limiting and to be regulated by such stimuli as steroid hormones, the potential impact of downstream steps, including splicing, on the mRNA production rate is unknown. In this work, we studied the effects of the transcriptional stimulus estradiol on cyclin(More)
Both epigenetic and splicing regulation contribute to tumor progression, but the potential links between these two levels of gene-expression regulation in pathogenesis are not well understood. Here, we report that the mouse and human RNA helicases Ddx17 and Ddx5 contribute to tumor-cell invasiveness by regulating alternative splicing of several DNA- and(More)
Numerous studies report splicing alterations in a multitude of cancers by using gene-by-gene analysis. However, understanding of the role of alternative splicing in cancer is now reaching a new level, thanks to the use of novel technologies allowing the analysis of splicing at a large-scale level. Genome-wide analyses of alternative splicing indicate that(More)
Estrogen and androgen receptors (ER and AR) play key roles in breast and prostate cancers, respectively, where they regulate the transcription of large arrays of genes. The activities of ER and AR are controlled by large networks of protein kinases and transcriptional coregulators, including Ddx5 and its highly related paralog Ddx17. The Ddx5 and Ddx17 RNA(More)
When cells are exposed to a genotoxic stress, a DNA surveillance pathway that involves p53 is activated, allowing DNA repair. Eukaryotic cells have also evolved a mechanism called mRNA surveillance that controls the quality of mRNAs. Indeed, mutant mRNAs carrying premature translation termination codons (PTCs) are selectively degraded by the(More)