Lise Coderre

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The presence of obesity-related metabolic disturbances varies widely among obese individuals. Accordingly, a unique subset of obese individuals has been described in the medical literature, which seems to be protected or more resistant to the development of metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity. These individuals, now known as 'metabolically(More)
Augmentation of glucose transport into skeletal muscle by GLUT4 translocation to the plasma and T-tubule membranes can be mediated independently by insulin and by contraction/exercise. Available data suggest that separable pools of intracellular GLUT4 respond to these two stimuli. To identify and characterize these pools, we fractionated skeletal muscle(More)
During metabolic stress, such as ischemia or hypoxia, glucose becomes the principal energy source for the heart. It has been shown that increased cardiac glucose uptake during metabolic stress has a protective effect on cell survival and heart function. Despite its physiological importance, only limited data are available on the molecular mechanisms(More)
Type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients often show elevated plasma ketone body concentrations. Because ketone bodies compete with other energetic substrates and reduce their utilization, they could participate in the development of insulin resistance in the heart. We have examined the effect of elevated levels of ketone bodies on insulin action in primary(More)
Denervation induces insulin resistance of the glucose transport process in skeletal muscle. To determine whether this is due to alterations in the expression of muscle glucose transporters (GLUT) in different fiber types, we evaluated the amount of GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) in extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus at 1, 2, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin [acylated (AG) and nonacylated (NAG)] has been shown to play a pivotal role in the regulation of food intake and insulin sensitivity. It is presently unclear whether variation in insulin sensitivity is related to AG and NAG levels in obese individuals. To address this issue, we determined whether insulin-sensitive overweight or obese (ISO)(More)
OBJECTIVE Central fat mass (CFM) correlates with insulin resistance and increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications. On the other hand, increased peripheral fat mass (PFM) is associated with higher insulin sensitivity. Thus, we examined the contribution of adipose tissue distribution, as assessed by the PFM/CFM ratio, to insulin(More)
AIM Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) prevalence has increased dramatically with the improved life expectancy of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)) is an important tool for monitoring blood glucose control but, unlike in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, a correlation between HbA(1c), fructosamine and mean plasma glucose has(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of insulin resistance on glycogen concentration and glycogen synthase activity in the red and white gastrocnemius muscles and to determine whether the inverse relationship existing between glycogen concentration and enzyme activity is maintained in insulin resistant state. These questions were addressed(More)
The effect of hypercorticism on the regulation of glycogen metabolism by epinephrine was examined in skeletal muscles using a hindlimb perfusion technique. Rats were injected with either saline or dexamethasone (0.4 for 14 days and were studied in the fed and fasted (24 h) states under saline or epinephrine (10(-7) M) treatment. In the fed(More)