Learn More
OBJECTIVE Neural apoptosis-regulated convertase (NARC)-1 is the newest member of the proprotein convertase family implicated in the cleavage of a variety of protein precursors. The NARC-1 gene, PCSK9, has been identified recently as the third locus implicated in autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH). The 2 other known genes implicated in ADH encode(More)
ABCA1 is a cholesterol transporter that is widely expressed throughout the body. Outside the central nervous system (CNS), ABCA1 functions in the biogenesis of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), where it mediates the efflux of cholesterol and phospholipids to apolipoprotein (apo) A-I. Deficiency of ABCA1 results in lack of circulating HDL and greatly reduced(More)
Major advances have been made in our understanding of the role of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in the onset and development of atherosclerosis. Increasing evidence from both animal and human studies suggests that apoE is able to protect against atherosclerosis by: a) promoting efficient uptake of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins from the circulation; b)(More)
BACKGROUND PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) is a polymorphic gene whose protein product regulates plasma LDL cholesterol (LDLC) concentrations by shuttling liver LDL receptors (LDLRs) for degradation. PCSK9 variants that cause a gain or loss of PCSK9 function are associated with hyper- or hypocholesterolemia, which increases or reduces(More)
Variants of the secreted glycoprotein, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9), associate with both hypo- and hyper-cholesterolemic phenotypes. Herein, we carried out full exonic sequencing of PCSK9 documenting the frequency of single and multiple PCSK9 variations and their effects on serum lipoprotein and PCSK9 levels in Caucasian Canadians. The(More)
The proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 (PCSK9) circulates in plasma as mature and furin-cleaved forms. A polyclonal antibody against human PCSK9 was used to develop an ELISA that measures total plasma PCSK9 rather than only the mature form. A cross-sectional study evaluated plasma levels in normal (n = 254) and hypercholesterolemic (n = 200) subjects(More)
Atorvastatin, a synthetic HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and the prevention of coronary artery disease, significantly lowers plasma cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. It also reduces total plasma triglyceride and apoE concentrations. In view of the direct involvement of apoE in the(More)
In the present study, we demonstrate gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN)-inducible scavenger receptor A (SR-A) mRNA expression during the early stages of THP-1 and blood monocyte differentiation. Predominant induction of SR-A type II mRNA parallels the increased accumulation of cholesteryl esters under these conditions. A potential signal transducer and activator(More)
LY2541546 is a humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG(4)) that has been optimized for neutralizing activity against sclerostin. In 5-week and 6-month nonclinical safety studies in rats, LY2541546 caused dose-dependent reversible decreases in platelet counts accompanied by accelerated platelet production, increased megakaryocytes, and altered megakaryocyte(More)
Little is known about the regulation of apolipoprotein (apo) C-I production by human adipocytes. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to investigate the effect of different tissue culture conditions on the synthesis and secretion of apoC-I and apoE in human SW872 liposarcoma cells. After 3-4 d in culture (0.5 x 10(6) cells/well, DMEM/F-12 medium(More)