Lisbeth Wattwil

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INTRODUCTION Postoperative nausea and vomiting remain a common problem following breast surgery. This study assesses whether dexamethasone is as effective as ondansetron in the control of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). METHODS Eighty ASA I-III patients undergoing breast surgery for carcinoma of the breast were included in the study. Following(More)
Comparisons were made in 10 patients scheduled for thoracotomy between a prototype of a low-compressive system (Bronchovent Special) for volume-controlled, high-frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV; fixed frequency of 60/min; fixed relative insufflation time of 22%), and a conventional respirator (SV-900) for intermittent positive-pressure,(More)
Acute respiratory acidosis results in increases in cardiac output and in systemic and pulmonary arterial blood pressures. The aim of this investigation was to determine if isoflurane modifies these effects. Nine patients (ASA II or III) scheduled for major surgery took part in the investigation. After the induction of general anesthesia, CO2 was added to(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to examine the level of unconsciousness measured with bispectral index (BIS) at different minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) levels of sevoflurane, and to study the hemodynamic and BIS reactions during noxious stimulation with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and an ice water pain test (IWP).(More)
The ventilatory patterns of a conventional ventilator for volume-controlled ventilation (SV-900) and a low-compression ventilator utilizing the pneumatic valve principle for pressure/flow-generated, volume-controlled ventilation (system H) were studied in a lung model and in 10 patients with respiratory failure. System H was used at frequencies of 20 (H-20)(More)
The effects of the ventilatory patterns of a conventional ventilator (SV-900) and a low-compression ventilator (system H) were studied in 12 patients with respiratory failure (RF). Volume-controlled ventilation at frequencies (f) of 20 breath/min (SV-20) with SV-900, and 20 (H-20) and 60 (H-60 = high-frequency positive-pressure ventilation, HFPPV)(More)
PURPOSE The mechanism of the antiemetic actions of corticosteroids is not known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if betamethasone can prevent nausea, vomiting or increase of vasopressin induced by apomorphine. Metoclopramide, a dopamine antagonist, was used as a control substance. METHODS Ten healthy volunteers were studied on three occasions.(More)
A postoperative decrease in the gastric emptying (GE) rate may delay the early start of oral feeding and alter the bioavailability of orally administered drugs. The aim of this study was to compare the effect on early gastric emptying between two anesthetic techniques. Fifty patients (age, 19–69 years) undergoing day-case laparascopic cholecystectomy were(More)
UNLABELLED It is not known whether patients with postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) have delayed gastric emptying compared with patients without PONV. We compared the perioperative rate of gastric emptying in patients experiencing PONV with the rate in those without PONV immediately after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gastric emptying was studied by(More)
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