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WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Patients with Type 2 diabetes are likely to have or to develop renal impairment, which affects the pharmacokinetics of some antidiabetic treatments. * Whether dosing of the once-daily human glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue liraglutide should be modified in patients with renal impairment has not previously been(More)
The bioequivalence of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) for reconstitution, at either 24 IU or 8 mg, and three strengths of liquid formulation of rhGH (5, 10 or 15 mg per 1.5 ml, hGH) was tested in two randomized, single-blind, four-period, crossover studies in healthy subjects. The study drugs were administered by subcutaneous injection at a dose of(More)
The once-daily human glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog, liraglutide, was recently shown to provide improved glycemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with exenatide. The aim of this work is to estimate the population pharmacokinetics of liraglutide and make a comparison to the pharmacokinetic profile of exenatide. Pharmacokinetic(More)
Insulin aspart is a novel rapid-acting insulin analogue with improved subcutaneous absorption properties when compared with soluble human insulin. Pharmacokinetic studies show an absorption profile with a time to reach peak concentration (t(max)) about half that of human insulin, a peak plasma drug concentration (Cmax) approximately twice as high and(More)
The glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist liraglutide was approved in 2010 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an adjunct treatment to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This article provides insights into the use of pharmacometric analyses for regulatory review with a focus on the(More)
OBJECTIVE With the aim to obtain a premixed rapid-acting insulin with a serum insulin profile more closely resembling the endogenous meal-stimulated serum insulin profiles, a 30/70 (rapid/intermediate-acting) premixed suspension of the rapid-acting insulin analogue insulin aspart (BIAsp30) was compared with a similar premixed suspension of biphasic human(More)
Liraglutide is a once-daily human GLP-1 analog for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Like other GLP-1 analogs, liraglutide delays gastric emptying, which could potentially affect absorption of concomitantly administered oral drugs. This study investigated the effect of liraglutide on the pharmacokinetics of the components of an oral contraceptive (ethinyl(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth is increasing. Treatment options beyond metformin and insulin are needed. The safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of liraglutide once daily in youth (10-17 years old) with T2D were investigated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the premixed insulin analogue biphasic insulin aspart (BIAsp 30) with the equivalent premixed biphasic human insulin (BHI 30), administered twice daily, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS In this randomized, double-blind, crossover trial, 13(More)
OBJECTIVES Liraglutide is a once-daily human GLP-1 analog being developed as a Type 2 diabetes therapy. A dose-finding study in Japanese patients with Type 2 diabetes showed liraglutide to produce dose-dependent decreases in HbA(1C). Studies have also shown that, with stepped dose titration, liraglutide is well tolerated. This double-blind trial in 24(More)