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This article reviews 22 studies that test a variety of interventions to decrease AIDS stigma in developed and developing countries. This article assesses published studies that met stringent evaluation criteria in order to draw lessons for future development of interventions to combat stigma. The target group, setting, type of intervention, measures, and(More)
In sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS and violent conflict interact to shape population health and development in dramatic ways. HIV/AIDS can create conditions conducive to conflict. Conflict can affect the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS. Conflict is generally understood to accelerate HIV transmission, but this view is simplistic and disregards complex(More)
First, we would like to thank the young South Africans who responded so willingly to the questionnaires in both 1999 and 2001. In addition, all those who conducted the interviews deserve a special thanks for their dedication and professionalism throughout the study period. Finally, we are grateful to those individuals who reviewed earlier drafts of this(More)
Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the contribution of Anne Malcolm (Sydney, Australia) and Miriam Maluwa (UNAIDS, Geneva) to our thinking about these issues. Anne undertook one of the first reviews of the forms and determinants of HIV/AIDS-related stigma, discrimination, and denial for WHO/GPA and UNAIDS, elements of which have been utilized(More)
Risk perception has been theorized to be an important antecedent for adopting protective behavior. It is a key construct of research applying the Health Belief Model and other behavior change models. In relation to HIV, risk perception is an indicator of perceived susceptibility to infection, a measure for one's understanding of AIDS transmission as well as(More)
Acknowledgements The Transitions to Adulthood in the Context of AIDS in South Africa is a research project conducted by the The Population Council is an international, nonprofit, nongovernmental institution that seeks to improve the wellbeing and reproductive health of current and future generations around the world and to help achieve a humane, equitable,(More)
Acknowledgments This study would not have been possible without close collaboration with Kimara Peer Educators and Health Promoters Trust (KPE) and Family Health International, Tanzania. The study team would like to especially thank Julie Pulerwitz and Ellen Weiss of the Horizons Program, and Lisanne Brown of Tulane University for all their support in this(More)
From 1997 through 2007, the Horizons program conducted research to inform the care and support of children who had been orphaned and rendered vulnerable by acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in sub-Saharan Africa. Horizons conducted studies in Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Research included both diagnostic studies(More)
BACKGROUND As a result of the 1994 genocide and AIDS, Rwanda has a crisis of orphans. In 2005, the Ministry of Local Governance and Social Affairs of Rwanda has reported one million vulnerable children. Many of these are not only orphans but also youth heads of households (YHH). The purpose of this study was to: (a) identify risk behaviors that expose YHH(More)