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This article reviews 22 studies that test a variety of interventions to decrease AIDS stigma in developed and developing countries. This article assesses published studies that met stringent evaluation criteria in order to draw lessons for future development of interventions to combat stigma. The target group, setting, type of intervention, measures, and(More)
This research aims to characterize the psychosocial aspects of well-being among youth-headed households (YHH) in Gikongoro, Rwanda, through examination of social support and marginalization. Data is presented on perceived availability of support from relatives, an unidentified adult, peers, and other community members and an index of social marginalization.(More)
Capacity improvement has become central to strategies used to develop health systems in low-income countries. Experience suggests that achieving better health outcomes requires both increased investment (i.e. financial resources) and adequate local capacity to use resources effectively. International donors and non-governmental agencies, as well as(More)
There is concern that orphans may be at particular risk of HIV infection due to earlier age of sexual onset and higher likelihood of sexual exploitation or abuse; however, there is limited empirical evidence examining this phenomenon. Utilizing data from 1,694 Black South African youth aged 14-18, of whom 31% are classified as orphaned, this analysis(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the level of depressive symptoms and their predictors in youth from one region of Rwanda who function as heads of household (ie, those responsible for caring for other children) and care for younger orphans. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey SETTING Four adjoining districts in Gigonkoro, an impoverished rural province in southwestern(More)
Acknowledgements The Transitions to Adulthood in the Context of AIDS in South Africa is a research project conducted by the The Population Council is an international, nonprofit, nongovernmental institution that seeks to improve the wellbeing and reproductive health of current and future generations around the world and to help achieve a humane, equitable,(More)
First, we would like to thank the young South Africans who responded so willingly to the questionnaires in both 1999 and 2001. In addition, all those who conducted the interviews deserve a special thanks for their dedication and professionalism throughout the study period. Finally, we are grateful to those individuals who reviewed earlier drafts of this(More)
Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the contribution of Anne Malcolm (Sydney, Australia) and Miriam Maluwa (UNAIDS, Geneva) to our thinking about these issues. Anne undertook one of the first reviews of the forms and determinants of HIV/AIDS-related stigma, discrimination, and denial for WHO/GPA and UNAIDS, elements of which have been utilized(More)
We explore changes in sexual risk behaviour over the first year of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a cohort of patients in Cape Town South Africa initiating treatment in five public facilities in 2006 and again 1 year later (Time 1 and Time 2). Contemporaneous measures of unprotected sex were also obtained from 2 cross-sectional samples of HIV-positive(More)
The magnitude and characteristics of sexual violence in two urban areas of Lesotho are described based on a random household survey of 939 sexually active women aged 18-35. Sexual violence is defined as nonconsensual sex ranging from the use of threats and intimidation to unwanted touching and forced sex. Twenty-five percent of women surveyed reported ever(More)