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The production of singleand mixed-sugar streams and their conversion to bioproducts were studied using sulfite pulping streams as feedstocks. Sulfite pulp, sludge, and spent sulfite liquor (SSL) were utilized because they are concurrently generated alongside of bleached pulp, and because the pulping process renders pretreatment unnecessary. SSL, comprised(More)
Plant respiration responses to elevated CO2 concentration ( [CO2 ] ) have been studied for three decades without consensus about the mechanism of response. Positive effects of elevated [CO2 ] on leaf respiration have been attributed to greater substrate supply resulting from stimulated photosynthesis. Negative effects of elevated [CO2 ] on leaf respiration(More)
Miniature pigs have been recognized as valuable experimental animals in medical research. However, porcine models related to gene knockout of human diseases are not widely available. The objective of this study was to establish Mx1-Cre pigs using somatic cell nuclear transfer. In this study, we created transgenic pigs using somatic cell nuclear transfer(More)
The most established methods for development of transgenic animals are the microinjection of DNA into the fertilized eggs, but it is still a procedure of certain complexity and high cost. Therefore, the idea of using sperm as a vehicle to carry exogenous DNA into eggs is very attractive, and there have been some successful reports. Though the methods are(More)
Enrichment and propagation of gonocytes or spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) from cryopreserved testicular tissue is essential to apply SSCs-related techniques in large domestic animals. We previously reported the cryopreservation of adult bovine testicular tissue. Here, we conducted the enrichment and culture of putative gonocytes from cryopreserved(More)
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