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The division of cognitive labor is fundamental to all cultures. Adults have a strong sense of how knowledge is clustered in the world around them and use that sense to access additional information, defer to relevant experts, and ground their own incomplete understandings. One prominent way of clustering knowledge is by disciplines similar to those that(More)
Graphic warning labels and plain cigarette packaging are two initiatives developed to increase quit behaviour among smokers. Although a little is known about how adolescents interpret graphic warning labels, very few studies have examined how plain cigarette packaging would affect adolescents' perceptions of cigarette smoking and smoking behaviour. We(More)
With use of deuterium-labeled isotopes of RRR- and all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate, the transport of vitamin E in pregnancy was evaluated to determine whether the placenta discriminates between these compounds. Fifteen pregnant subjects were recruited 5 d before delivery to receive 15, 30, 75, 150, or 300 mg vitamin E/d in capsules containing(More)
Response selection takes time. Hick's law (Hick, 1952) predicts that the time course of response selection is a logarithmic function of the number of equally likely response alternatives. However, recent work has shown that oculomotor responses constitute noteworthy exceptions in that the latencies of saccades (Kveraga, Boucher, & Hughes, 2002) and smooth(More)
Congruent information conveyed over different sensory modalities often facilitates a variety of cognitive processes, including speech perception (Sumby & Pollack, 1954). Since auditory processing is substantially faster than visual processing, auditory-visual integration can occur over a surprisingly wide temporal window (Stein, 1998). We investigated the(More)
In this report we describe the development of a method for the concurrent reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic separation and photodiode array detection of human plasma retinol, tocopherols and carotenes. For a single sample injection, retinol, retinyl acetate, alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, alpha-tocopheryl acetate,(More)
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