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Analysis of previously unknown genetic aberrations in solid tumors has become possible through the use of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), which is based on competitive binding of tumor and control DNA to normal metaphase chromosomes. CGH allows detection of DNA sequence copy number changes (deletions, gains, and amplifications) on a genome-wide(More)
Breast cancer progression is determined by a complex pattern of multiple genetic aberrations the association of which with patient prognosis is unknown. In this study, we have undertaken a genome-wide screening to detect genetic changes associated with clinical outcome in node-negative breast cancer. Comparative genomic hybridization was used to screen for(More)
Through an unusual differentiation process, human trophoblast progenitors (cytotrophoblasts) give rise to tumor-like cells that invade the uterus. By an unknown mechanism, invasive cytotrophoblasts exhibit permanent cell cycle withdrawal. Here, we report molecular cytogenetic data showing that approximately 20 to 60% of these interphase cells had acquired(More)
Numerical chromosome aberrations in gametes typically lead to failed fertilization, spontaneous abortion or a chromosomally abnormal fetus. By means of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), we now can screen human embryos in vitro for aneuploidy before transferring the embryos to the uterus. PGD allows us to select unaffected embryos for transfer and(More)
Infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) and infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) are distinguished by their histopathological appearance. However, little is known about the differences in genetic changes between lobular cancers and ductal cancers. We used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and compared aberrations in 19 ILCs and 46 IDCs. The total number(More)
Data from animal, clinical, and prevention studies support the role of androgen in prostate cancer growth, proliferation, and progression. However, results serum-based epidemiologic studies in humans have been inconclusive. Part of the inconsistency in these findings stems from differences in study population, assay accuracy, intraperson variation, and(More)
Circadian genes influence a variety of biological processes that are important in prostate tumorigenesis including metabolism. To determine if variants in circadian genes alter prostate cancer risk, we genotyped five variants in five circadian genes in a population-based case-control study conducted in China (187 cases and 242 controls). These variants(More)
Electroretinographic and cyclic nucleotide metabolism studies have established that low-level lead exposure during early postnatal development results in long-term selective rod deficits. To determine whether there was a corresponding selective rod photoreceptor cell degeneration we examined retinas of adult rats exposed to low-level lead during development(More)
Amplification of the ERBB2 oncogene has recently received attention as a target for antibody-based therapies and as a predictor of response to adjuvant chemotherapy. Modification of treatment strategies based on ERBB2 status has led to further interest in the genetic alterations that accompany ERBB2 gene amplification or overexpression. In this study,(More)
The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) increases significantly after exposure of the head and neck region to ionizing radiation, yet we know neither the steps involved in malignant transformation of thyroid epithelium nor the specific carcinogenic mode of action of radiation. Such increased tumor frequency became most evident in children after(More)