Lisa Vaccari

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beta-Defensins play an important role in both innate and adaptive immunity, displaying a direct anti-microbial activity against a wide variety of micro-organisms as well as interesting immuno-modulatory effects on host cells. Interaction with biological membranes appears to be a central theme in modulating these activities, leading to different consequences(More)
In the present study, the effects of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus IMC 501 on the acquisition of oocyte maturational competence was examined in zebrafish (Danio rerio). L. rhamnosus administration induced the responsiveness of incompetent follicles (stage IIIa) to 17,20-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one and their in vitro maturation. Acquisition of(More)
Until nowadays most infrared microspectroscopy (IRMS) experiments on biological specimens (i.e., tissues or cells) have been routinely carried out on fixed or dried samples in order to circumvent water absorption problems. In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility to widen the range of in-vitro IRMS experiments to vibrational analysis of live cellular(More)
Here we present a new bonding protocol for SU-8 negative tone photoresist that exploits the chemical modifications induced in the resin by exposure to 254 nm (UVC) light. Fourier Transform Infrared microspectroscopy (μ-FTIR) was used to carry out a thorough study on the chemical processes and modifications occurring within the epoxy resin by exposure to 365(More)
The knowledge of cell cycle phase distribution is of paramount importance for understanding cellular behaviour under normal and stressed growth conditions. This task is usually assessed using Flow Cytometry (FC) or immunohistochemistry. Here we report on the use of FTIR microspectroscopy in Microfluidic Devices (MD-IRMS) as an alternative technique for(More)
Maintaining the correct folding of cellular proteins is essential for preserving cellular homeostasis. Protein dishomeostasis, aberrant protein folding, and protein aggregation are indeed involved in several diseases including cancer, aging-associated, and neurodegenerative disorders. Accumulation of protein aggregates can also be induced from a variety of(More)
Apoptosis is a strictly regulated cell death mechanism that plays a pivotal role in the normal evolution of multicellular organisms. Its misregulation has been associated with many diseases, making its early and reliable detection a key point for modern cellular biology. In this paper, we propose the use of infrared microspectroscopy (IRMS) as a label-free(More)
We have designed and chemically synthesized an artificial beta-defensin based on a minimal template derived from the comparative analysis of over 80 naturally occurring sequences. This molecule has the disulfide-bridged beta-sheet core structure of natural beta-defensins and shows a robust salt-sensitive antimicrobial activity against bacteria and yeast, as(More)
Aimed at developing accurate, reliable and cost-saving analytical techniques for drugs screening we evaluated the potential of Fourier Transform (FT) InfraRed (IR) microspectroscopy (microFTIR) as a quantitative pre-diagnostic approach for the rapid identification of IR signatures of drugs targeting specific molecular pathways causing Chronic Myeloid(More)