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The authors compare the cost of hospice care provided to 25 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and 159 lung cancer patients by the Wissahickon Hospice of the University of Pennsylvania. The mean length of stay was 86.7 days for ALS patients and 35.0 days for patients with lung cancer (P = .011). The mean per patient cost was 5622.93 dollars for(More)
Creating a new approach to performance measurement, UCLA researchers propose an initial set of measures that Medicaid and other agencies could use to track the delivery and quality of developmental services for young children. The Developmental Services Quality Performance Measurement (DSQPM) framework, which includes metrics at the individual, provider,(More)
In this paper, we consider two approaches to solving an optimization based design problem where " shape " is the design parameter. Both methods use domain transformations to compute gradients. However, they differ in that the second method is based on solving a transformed optimization problem completely in the computational domain. We illustrate the(More)
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