Lisa S. Kierstead

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T helper type 1 (Th1)-type CD4(+) antitumor T cell help appears critical to the induction and maintenance of antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vivo. In contrast, Th2- or Th3/Tr-type CD4(+) T cell responses may subvert Th1-type cell-mediated immunity, providing a microenvironment conducive to disease progression. We have recently identified(More)
The human Melan-A/MART-1 gene encodes an HLA-A2-restricted peptide epitope recognized by melanoma-reactive CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Here we report that this gene also encodes at least one HLA-DR4-presented peptide recognized by CD4(+) T cells. The Melan-A/MART-1(51-73) peptide was able to induce the in vitro expansion of specific CD4(+) T cells(More)
CD4+ T cells modulate the magnitude and durability of CTL responses in vivo and may serve as potent effector cells within the tumor microenvironment. The current study was undertaken to define novel epitopes from the broadly expressed tumor antigen MAGE-6 that are recognized by CD4+ T cells. We have combined the use of a HLA-DR4/peptide binding algorithm(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpesvirus commonly associated with several malignancies, particularly in immunocompromised hosts. As a strategy for stimulating immunity against EBV for the treatment of EBV-associated tumors, we have genetically engineered dendritic cells (DC) to express EBV antigens, such as latent membrane protein 2B (LMP2B), using(More)
The broad clinical implementation of cancer vaccines targeting the induction of specific T cell-mediated immunity is hampered because T cell defined tumor-associated peptides are currently available for only a restricted range of tumor types. Current epitope identification strategies require a priori the generation of T "indicator" cell lines that(More)
CD4+ T cells modulate the magnitude and durability of CTL responses in vivo, and may serve as effector cells in the tumour microenvironment. In order to identify the tumour epitopes recognized by tumour-reactive human CD4+ T cells, we combined the use of an HLA-DR4/peptide binding algorithm with an IFN-γ ELISPOT assay. Two known and three novel CD4+ T cell(More)
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