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Six morphine-exposed and 3 control male Indian rhesus macaques were intravenously inoculated with mixture of SHIV(KU), SHIV(89.6)P and SIV/17E-Fr. These animals were followed for a period of 56 weeks in order to determine CD4 and CD8 profile, viral loads in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), relative distribution of 3 pathogenic viruses in blood and(More)
A systematic review of HIV prevention reports published or distributed in the United States as of June 1998 yielded 9 rigorous controlled trials reporting intervention effects on unprotected sex for men who have sex with men. A summary measure of these effects was favorable (odds ratio,.69), statistically significant (95% confidence interval, 0.56-0.86),(More)
Neuropsychological dysfunction, ranging from mild cognitive symptoms to dementia has been a consistent part of the clinical picture of HIV/AIDS. However, advances in clinical management, particularly antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, have mitigated the neuropsychological effects of HIV and revised the pattern and nature of cognitive deficits, which are(More)
As the number of persons living with HIV continues to increase in Jamaica, attitudes and values become more important. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of university students in Jamaica toward persons living with HIV, including homosexual men, heterosexual men, women sex workers, other women, and children. One thousand two hundred and fifty-two(More)
The two regions hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic are sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. It is estimated that more than 28 million persons within these regions are currently living with HIV/AIDS. Therefore, it is imperative that more effective models of protective behaviour change be developed and implemented. Data from 4293 adults from Kenya,(More)
BACKGROUND Jamaican adolescents have high rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). GOALS Since the sexual behaviors that put an individual at risk for HIV are the same as for other STDs, the prevalence and determinants of STD symptoms among a sample of young Jamaican males were examined. STUDY DESIGN As part of the 1997 Reproductive Health Survey,(More)
As the number of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) continues to increase in Puerto Rico, it becomes increasingly important to address the issues of stigma and other discriminatory attitudes. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to examine the attitudes toward PLWHA of a large sample of women living in public housing in Puerto Rico, including(More)
BACKGROUND Prevention programs often promote HIV testing as one possible strategy of combating the spread of the disease. OBJECTIVE To examine levels of HIV testing practices among a large sample of university students and the relationship among HIV testing, sociodemographic variables, and HIV-related behaviors. METHODS A total of 1252 students were(More)
Data from Reproductive Health Survey 1997 were used to examine symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and sex behaviour of adolescents and young adults in Jamaica. Overall, nine per cent of the sample reported symptoms of STD in the year prior to the survey. Rates of high-risk sexual behaviours were high with one-fifth of the sample reporting(More)