Lisa P Walker

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The Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is a potent immunotoxin that induces G(2) arrest in human lymphocytes. We now show that the CdtB subunit exhibits phosphatidylinositol (PI)-3,4,5-triphosphate phosphatase activity. Breakdown product analysis indicates that CdtB hydrolyzes PI-3,4,5-P(3) to PI-3,4-P(2) and therefore(More)
Induction of cell cycle arrest in lymphocytes after exposure to the Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is dependent upon the integrity of lipid membrane microdomains. In this study we further demonstrate that the association of Cdt with lymphocyte plasma membranes is dependent upon binding to cholesterol. Depletion of(More)
The Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) induces G2 arrest and apoptosis in lymphocytes and other cell types. We have shown that the active subunit, CdtB, exhibits phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) phosphatase activity and depletes lymphoid cells of PIP3. Hence we propose that Cdt toxicity results from(More)
Induction of cell cycle arrest in lymphocytes following exposure to the Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is dependent upon the integrity of lipid membrane microdomains. Moreover, we have previously demonstrated that the association of Cdt with target cells involves the CdtC subunit which binds to cholesterol via a(More)
The Aggregatibactor actinomycetemcomitans cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) induces G2 arrest and apoptosis in lymphocytes; these toxic effects are due to the active subunit, CdtB, which functions as a phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) phosphatase. We now extend our investigation and demonstrate that Cdt is able to perturb human macrophage(More)
It is well established that many cell functions are controlled by the PI-3K signaling pathway and the signaling lipid, phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3). This is particularly true for mast cells which play a key regulatory role in allergy and inflammation through activation via high-affinity IgE receptors (FcɛRI) leading to activation of(More)
The cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is produced from a number of bacteria capable of causing infection and inflammatory disease. Our previous studies with Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans Cdt demonstrate not only that the active toxin subunit functions as a phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) phosphatase but also that macrophages exposed to(More)
The Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) induces G2 arrest and apoptosis in lymphocytes and other cell types. We have shown that the active subunit, CdtB, exhibits phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) phosphatase activity, leading us to propose that Cdt toxicity is the result of PIP3 depletion and perturbation of(More)
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