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Intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) during thyroid and parathyroid surgery has gained widespread acceptance as an adjunct to the gold standard of visual nerve identification. Despite the increasing use of IONM, review of the literature and clinical experience confirms there is little uniformity in application of and results from nerve monitoring across(More)
Cells injured by exposure to cisplatin (cDDP) undergo a cellular injury response that shares characteristics with responses produced by many other injurious agents. We sought to determine whether the increase of the message of the "growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible" gene, GADD153, could be used to assess the extent of the cellular injury response in(More)
The facial nerve is often injured in head trauma. Computed tomography (CT) is the diagnostic study most frequently used to evaluate temporal bone fractures, but it does not demonstrate all soft tissues well. Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate certain soft tissues, including cranial nerves. Experience with MRI evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Mesangial enlargement (ME) is one of the hallmark lesions of diabetic nephropathy and plays a major role in diabetic renal failure. Conventional treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus with insulin injections, diet, and medications has often failed to prevent development and progression of ME, presumably because of difficulty in achieving tight(More)
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