Lisa N Pealer

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STUDY OBJECTIVE We assess the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost of routinely recommended HIV/sexually transmitted disease screening in an urban emergency department (ED). METHODS From April 2003 to August 2004, patients aged 15 to 54 years were offered rapid HIV testing, and those aged 15 to 25 years were also offered gonorrhea and chlamydia testing(More)
BACKGROUND During the 2002 West Nile virus epidemic in the United States, patients were identified whose West Nile virus illness was temporally associated with the receipt of transfused blood and blood components. METHODS Patients with laboratory evidence of recent West Nile virus infection within four weeks after receipt of a blood component from a donor(More)
a growing concern has emerged for the quality of health-related documents contained on the World Wide Web. Increased use of the World Wide Web by consumers and health education professionals, as well as ease of Web page publication, has heightened the need for criteria in Web page construction and evaluation. This article reviews and discusses elements to(More)
The World Wide Web continues to evolve dramatically with an estimated 57 million users in the United States. Some two-thirds of Internet users in the United States searched for health information the past year, with 90% indicating they found the information they sought. Thus, health and medical information represents the single most popular topic on the(More)
AIMS In recent years, studies have indicated that consumers of alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) are more likely to drink heavily and experience more negative consequences than consumers who avoid these beverages. Although researchers have identified a number of plausible hypotheses that explain how alcohol-energy drink co-ingestion could cause greater(More)
This study examined the feasibility of collecting health risk behavior data from undergraduate students using a Web-based survey. Undergraduates were randomly selected and assigned randomly to a mail survey group and a Web survey group. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups for demographics, response rates, item(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the prevalence of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among emergency department (ED) patients who accept screening, and to assess treatment outcomes and risks for infection. METHODS Research staff offered voluntary testing for gonorrhea and chlamydia (by urine transcription-mediated amplification)(More)
Collecting health-risk behavior data from college students is a Web survey research application with extraordinary potential that has implications for individual schools and for the next National College Health Risk Behavior Survey. Recent evidence suggests that it is now feasible to collect health-risk behavior data from college students using the Web.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE HIV prevention counseling has changed behavior and reduced incident sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in research participants. GOAL This article assesses whether counselor demographics or counselor-client dyad characteristics influenced prevention counseling in Project RESPECT as measured by intervention completion and(More)
HIV partner notification can help patients, partners, and disease control efforts in the community. The emphasis on HIV partner notification has varied widely in the United States. Stigma, denial, and competing priorities have limited the use of partner notification in many areas. Ongoing HIV transmission after the infection is diagnosed suggests a need for(More)