Lisa N MacFadden

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Functional electrical stimulation (FES) has the capacity to regenerate motion for individuals with spinal cord injuries. However, it is not straightforward to determine the stimulation parameters to generate a coordinated movement. Musculoskeletal models can provide a noninvasive simulation environment to estimate muscle force and activation timing(More)
Moment arms are important for understanding muscular behavior and for calculating internal muscle forces in musculoskeletal simulations. Biarticular muscles cross two joints and have moment arms that depend on the angle of both joints the muscles cross. The tendon excursion method was used to measure the joint angle-dependence of hamstring (biceps femoris,(More)
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