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RATIONALE Acquisition of a procalcific phenotype by resident or circulating cells is important for calcification of atherosclerotic plaques, which is common in diabetes. OBJECTIVE We aim to identify and characterize circulating calcifying cells, and to delineate a pathophysiological role for these cells in type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
OBJECTIVE Vasculoprotective endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are regulated by stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) and are reduced in type 2 diabetes. Because SDF-1alpha is a substrate of dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4), we investigated whether the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin modulates EPC levels in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by a twoto fourfold increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This is generally attributed to the adverse effects of hyperglycemia and oxidative stress on vascular biology. It has also been shown that patients with prediabetic conditions, such as impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, are at increased risk(More)
Bone marrow (BM) derived stem and progenitor cells contribute to cardiovascular homeostasis and are affected by cardiovascular risk factors. We devised a clinical data-driven approach to test candidate stem cell mobilizing mechanisms in pre-clinical models. We found that PB and BM CD34+ cell counts were directly correlated, and that most circulating CD34+(More)
EPCs (endothelial progenitor cells) exert vasculoprotective effects and can be used for regenerative therapies. However, several isolation protocols have been described, with inconsistent results. Statins are among the most effective compounds that stimulate EPC numbers in vivo and ex vivo. We aim to describe the effects of rosuvastatin on different(More)
To investigate the mechanism of diabetogenic action of cyclosporin A (CsA), 7 male Wistar albino rats received 10 mg/kg/day of the drug for 4 weeks (CsA). The results were compared with controls (C); blood CsA levels measured weekly remained stable throughout the experiment (mean +/- SEM) (X = 2657.9+/-155.1 ng/ml). Intravenous glucose load (0.75 g/kg)(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) alters circulating progenitor cells relevant for the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease (CAD). While endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are reduced, there is no data on procalcific polarization of circulating progenitors, which may contribute to vascular calcification in these patients. In a cohort of 107 subjects with and(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) promote tissue healing and angiogenesis, whereas altered EPC biology may favour diabetic complications. We tested the hypothesis that diabetes impairs the contribution of BM-derived cells at sites of wound healing. METHODS Four weeks after induction of diabetes in C57BL/6 mice,(More)
T ype 2 diabetes is characterized by a two-to fourfold increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This is generally attributed to the adverse effects of hyperglycemia and oxidative stress on vascular biology. It has also been shown that patients with prediabetic conditions, such as impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, are at increased(More)
AIM Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 in responsible for incretin degradation and some observations suggest that DPP-4 activity is increased in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We aimed to assess the effect of T2D and glucose control on DPP-4 activity. METHODS In the first set (SET1) of patients, we compared plasma DPP-4 activity between 30 T2D and 20 age- and(More)