Lisa Matthewson

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This paper argues that evidential clitics in St’át’imcets (a.k.a. Lillooet; Northern Interior Salish) introduce quantification over possible worlds and must be analyzed as epistemic modals. We thus add to the growing body of evidence suggesting that the functions of encoding information source and encoding epistemic modality are not necessarily distinct.(More)
ion Rule, which I give in (7). (7) Predicate Abstraction Rule, Mark II Let α be a branching node with daughters β and γ, where β dominates only a lambda abstractor λi. Then, for any variable assignment a, [[α]] a = λx. [[γ]] x/i . We can now go back and see how this revised system deals with the examples we looked at previously. Instead of (2), we will now(More)
This paper argues that languages differ in whether they possess pragmatic presuppositions in the sense of Stalnaker (1974). I will argue for this somewhat radical claim on the basis of data from St’át’imcets (a.k.a. Lillooet, Northern Interior Salish). I will show that St’át’imcets displays no evidence for presuppositions which place constraints on the(More)
1 Introduction This paper discusses the relationship between the German particles doch and ja, focusing on the former of the two, doch. It argues for a specific analysis of doch which makes predictions both on the semantic distribution of doch versus ja and on the syntactic ordering restrictions between doch and ja. The core analysis is presented in section(More)
This article surveys the state of the art in the field of semantic universals. We examine potential semantic universals in three areas: (i) the lexicon, (ii) semantic “glue” (functional morphemes and composition principles), and (iii) pragmatics. At the level of the lexicon, we find remarkably few convincing semantic universals. At the level of functional(More)
Current literature offers a range of analyses of evidentials in natural language, which can be broadly grouped into two types: modal analyses (Kratzer 1991, Izvorski 1997, Ehrich 2001, Garrett 2001, Faller 2006, Matthewson et al. 2007, McCready and Asher 2006, McCready and Ogata 2007, Waldie et al. 2009, Peterson 2009, 2010, Lee this volume, among others),(More)