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1. Introduction This paper argues that languages differ in whether they possess pragmatic presuppositions in the sense of Stalnaker (1974). I will argue for this somewhat radical claim on the basis of data from St'át'imcets (a.k.a. Lillooet, Northern Interior Salish). I will show that St'át'imcets displays no evidence for presuppositions which place(More)
This article surveys the state of the art in the field of semantic universals. We examine potential semantic universals in three areas: (i) the lexicon, (ii) semantic " glue " (functional morphemes and composition principles), and (iii) pragmatics. At the level of the lexicon, we find remarkably few convincing semantic universals. At the level of functional(More)
1 Introduction This paper discusses the relationship between the German particles doch and ja, focusing on the former of the two, doch. It argues for a specific analysis of doch which makes predictions both on the semantic distribution of doch versus ja and on the syntactic ordering restrictions between doch and ja. The core analysis is presented in section(More)
Current literature offers a range of analyses of evidentials in natural language, which can be broadly grouped into two types: modal analyses (Kratzer 1991, Izvorski 1997, Ehrich 2001, Garrett 2001, Faller 2006, Matthewson et al. 2007, McCready and Asher 2006, McCready and Ogata 2007, Waldie et al. 2009, Peterson 2009, 2010, Lee this volume, among others),(More)
This paper addresses the question of whether and how the semantics of third-person pronouns can vary across languages. I investigate third-person non-demonstrative pronouns in St'át'imcets (Lillooet Salish), including null pro and its overt animate plural counterpart wit. I provide evidence for a striking cross-linguistic difference between the St'át'imcets(More)
While the adult English determiner system encodes a definiteness distinction, many languages do not do so. This cross-linguistic variation raises the question of how the acquisition of determiner systems proceeds. In this paper we report on an experiment which tested English-acquiring children's comprehension of definite and indefinite articles. On the(More)