Lisa M Thurston

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Within potential target cells, the actions of physiological glucocorticoids (cortisol and corticosterone) are modulated by isoforms of the enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta HSD). To date, two isoforms of 11 beta HSD have been cloned: 11 beta HSD1 acts predominantly as an NADP(H)-dependent reductase to generate active cortisol or(More)
This study investigated two hypotheses: 1) that consistent between-boar variation in frozen semen quality exists and is genetically determined, and 2) molecular markers linked to genes controlling semen freezability can be identified using amplified restriction fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technology. Five ejaculates were collected from each of 129(More)
This study investigated two hypotheses: 1) that consistent between-boar variation in frozen semen quality exists and is genetically determined, and 2) that morphologically distinct subpopulations of spermatozoa exist within fresh boar ejaculates and that the incidence of these subpopulations is correlated with semen quality following cryopreservation. Five(More)
In the placenta, cortisol is inactivated by NADP(+)- and NAD(+)-dependent isoforms of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD). Decreased placental 11betaHSD activities have been implicated in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal programming of adult diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate whether placental 11betaHSD(More)
BACKGROUND Follicular fluid (FF) contains compounds that can modulate NADP(+)-dependent oxidation of cortisol by type 1 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between levels of the ovarian modulators of type 1 11betaHSD, intra-follicular cortisol:cortisone ratios and the clinical(More)
In the ovary, cortisol-cortisone interconversion is catalysed by isoforms of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD). The objective of this study was to establish whether human follicular fluid (hFF), obtained after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, contains paracrine modulators of 11betaHSD activity. Of 274 hFF samples tested for effects in rat(More)
In light of studies implicating glucocorticoids in the control of testicular steroidogenesis and/or spermatogenesis, the objective of this study was to characterise the expression and activities of the 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD) enzymes in the testis and reproductive tract of the pre-pubertal pig. Although 11betaHSD1 and 11betaHSD2 mRNA(More)
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD) enzymes modulate the target cell actions of corticosteroids by catalysing metabolism of the physiological glucocorticoid (GC), cortisol, to inert cortisone. Recent studies have implicated GCs in boar sperm apoptosis. Hence, the objective of this study was to characterise 11betaHSD enzyme expression and(More)
Although semen cryopreservation has been applied successfully in a few species, considerable variation in post-thaw semen viability exists. Independent of sperm quality before freezing, the semen of certain individuals will consistently freeze badly, resulting in poor motility, disrupted acrosome and plasma membrane, and thus reduced fertilising ability,(More)
In the ovary, cortisol is oxidized to cortisone by 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD). The present study investigated whether follicular fluid (FF) from large antral follicles and spontaneous ovarian cysts, isolated from bovine and porcine ovaries, contained modulators of 11betaHSD activity. Whereas FF from antral follicles had no significant(More)