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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The centrality-index (C-Index), preoperative aspects and dimensions used for anatomic (P.A.D.U.A.) classification, and radius.exophyic/endophytic.nearness.anterior/posterior.location (R.E.N.A.L.) nephrometry schemes were developed as standardized scoring systems (SS) to quantify anatomic characteristics of kidney tumors. The objective(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is elevated in the circulation of patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) relative to uninjured subjects, and secondarily to identify additional immune mediators that are elevated in subjects with chronic SCI. DESIGN Prospective,(More)
BACKGROUND The annual incidence of urothelial carcinoma continues to increase, and it is projected that greater than 70,000 new cases will occur in the year 2015. However, as much as 23% of cytologic specimens will demonstrate some degree of atypia without meeting the criteria for urothelial carcinoma and thus will be reported as atypical. METHODS The(More)
Meglumine iothalamate (280 ml I/ml) and sodium iothalamate (400 mg I/ml) in doses of 700 mg I/kg bw, were injected i.v. as a bolus in dogs. Renal size, urine flow rate, arterial pressure, renal blood flow and mean transit time and renal blood volume were measured before and after injection. All changes were qualitatively and quantitatively identical for(More)
BACKGROUND At a high-volume center, it became necessary to provide benchmarks for the accuracy and risk of malignancy per urine cytology diagnostic category. The additive sensitivity for the determination of the residual risk of disease was calculated with the goal of determining the performance of cytology and optimal triage, including the number of urine(More)
This is a study of the metabolic and distal cardiovascular/cerebrovascular outcomes associated with the use of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) compared to antidepressants (ADs) in adults aged 18-65 years, based on data from Thomson Reuters MarketScan® Research Databases 2006-2010, a commercial U.S. claims database. Interventions included clinicians'(More)
PURPOSE Cystoscopic fulguration of Hunner ulcers in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome is a recommended therapy because it has the potential to rapidly ameliorate symptoms. We reviewed our experience with Hunner ulcer fulguration. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with interstitial(More)
OBJECTIVE Contrast-enhanced MRI is the preeminent diagnostic test for brain metastasis (BM). Detection of BMs for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) planning may improve with a time delay following administration of a high-relaxivity agent for 1.5-T and 3-T imaging systems. Metastasis detection with time-delayed MRI was evaluated in this study. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the research rotation experience affects the career path of otolaryngology residents. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING Two web-based surveys were disseminated by the AAO-HNS; one to current and former resident trainees and the other to current residency program directors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A web-based survey was disseminated to all(More)