Lisa M. Petek

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Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) is characterized by chromatin relaxation of the D4Z4 macrosatellite array on chromosome 4 and expression of the D4Z4-encoded DUX4 gene in skeletal muscle. The more common form, autosomal dominant FSHD1, is caused by contraction of the D4Z4 array, whereas the genetic determinants and inheritance of D4Z4 array(More)
Deletion of a subset of the D4Z4 macrosatellite repeats in the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q causes facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) when occurring on a specific haplotype of 4qter (4qA161). Several genes have been examined as candidates for causing FSHD, including the DUX4 homeobox gene in the D4Z4 repeat, but none have been(More)
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors transduce cells by multiple pathways, including integration at nonhomologous chromosomal locations by an unknown mechanism. We reasoned that spontaneous chromosome breaks may facilitate vector integration and investigated this in cells containing a specific chromosomal double-strand break created by the endonuclease(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is caused by chromatin relaxation that results in aberrant expression of the transcription factor Double Homeobox 4 (DUX4). DUX4 protein is present in a small subset of FSHD muscle cells, making its detection and analysis of its effects historically difficult. Using a DUX4-activated reporter, we demonstrate the(More)
The integration sites of viral vectors used in human gene therapy can have important consequences for safety and efficacy. However, an extensive evaluation of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector integration sites has not been completed, despite the ongoing use of AAV vectors in clinical trials. Here we have used a shuttle vector system to isolate and(More)
The use of adeno-associated virus (AAV) to package gene-targeting vectors as single-stranded linear molecules has led to significant improvements in mammalian gene-targeting frequencies. However, the molecular basis for the high targeting frequencies obtained is poorly understood, and there could be important mechanistic differences between AAV-mediated(More)
Therapeutic gene delivery typically involves the addition of a transgene expression cassette to mutant cells. This approach is complicated by transgene silencing, aberrant transcriptional regulation and insertional mutagenesis. An alternative strategy is to correct mutations through homologous recombination, allowing for normal regulation of gene expression(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is a dominantly inherited myopathy associated with chromatin relaxation of the D4Z4 macrosatellite array on chromosome 4. DUX4 is encoded within each unit of the D4Z4 array where it is normally transcriptionally silenced and packaged as constitutive heterochromatin. Truncation of the array to less than 11 D4Z4 units(More)
UNLABELLED : Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) represents a major unmet clinical need arising from the progressive weakness and atrophy of skeletal muscles. The dearth of adequate experimental models has severely hampered our understanding of the disease. To date, no treatment is available for FSHD. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) potentially(More)
Target-site DNA breaks increase recombination frequencies, however, the specificity of the enzymes used to create them remains poorly defined. The location and frequency of off-target cleavage events are especially important when rare-cutting endonucleases are used in clinical settings. Here, we identify noncanonical cleavage sites of I-SceI that are(More)