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Notch and its ligands have been implicated in the regulation and differentiation of various CD4(+) T-helper cells. Regulatory T cells (T(regs)), which express the transcription factor Foxp3, suppress aberrant immune responses that are typically associated with autoimmunity or excessive inflammation. Previous studies have shown that transforming growth(More)
For many years, researchers have focused on the contribution of Notch signalling to lymphoid development. Only recently have investigators begun to ask what role, if any, Notch has during the activation and differentiation of naive CD4(+) T cells in the periphery. As interest in this issue grows, it is becoming increasingly clear that the main role of Notch(More)
Notch receptors are processed by gamma-secretase acting in synergy with T cell receptor signaling to sustain peripheral T cell activation. Activated CD4+ T cells differentiate into T helper type 1 (TH1) or TH2 subsets. Molecular cues directing TH1 differentiation include expression of the TH1-specific transcription factor T-bet, encoded by Tbx21. However,(More)
Notch1 specifically upregulates expression of the cytokine interferon-gamma in peripheral T cells through activation of NF-kappaB. However, how Notch mediates NF-kappaB activation remains unclear. Here, we examined the temporal relationship between Notch signaling and NF-kappaB induction during T-cell activation. NF-kappaB activation occurs within minutes(More)
The maturation of naive CD8(+) T cells into effector CTLs is a critical feature of a functional adaptive immune system. Development of CTLs depends, in part, upon the expression of the transcriptional regulator eomesodermin (EOMES), which is thought to regulate expression of two key effector molecules, perforin and granzyme B. Although EOMES is important(More)
Notch signaling plays a role in normal lymphocyte development and function. Activating Notch1-mutations, leading to aberrant downstream signaling, have been identified in human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). While this highlights the contribution of Notch signaling to T-ALL pathogenesis, the mechanisms by which Notch regulates proliferation(More)
Th17 cells are known to play a critical role in adaptive immune responses to several important extracellular pathogens. Additionally, Th17 cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune and inflammatory disorders as well as in cancer. Therefore, it is essential to understand the mechanisms that regulate Th17 differentiation. Notch signaling(More)
Improvements in the detection and treatment of breast cancer have dramatically altered its clinical course and outcome. However, prevention of breast cancer remains an elusive goal. Parity, age of menarche, and age at menopause are major risk factors drawing attention to the important role of the endocrine system in determining the risk of breast cancer,(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is 100% oxygen administered at elevated atmospheric pressure to patients with inflammatory diseases. We developed an in vitro model to investigate the effects of HBO on stimulus-induced proinflammatory cytokine transcription and translation. Human blood-derived monocyte-macrophages were stimulated before being transferred to an HBO(More)
Hyun Mu Shin, Lisa M Minter, Ok Hyun Cho, Sridevi Gottipati, Abdul H Fauq, Todd E Golde, Gail E Sonenshein and Barbara A Osborne* Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Massachusetts/ Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA, Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts/Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA, Department of Neuroscience, Mayo(More)