Lisa M. Miller Jenkins

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In 3 separate experiments, the same samples of young and older adults were tested on verbal and visuospatial processing speed tasks, verbal and visuospatial working memory tasks, and verbal and visuospatial paired-associates learning tasks. In Experiment 1, older adults were generally slower than young adults on all speeded tasks, but age-related slowing(More)
BACKGROUND Both cognitive tests and MRI-based measures have been suggested as outcomes in trials assessing disease-modifying therapies in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE To compare changes in longitudinal MRI measures with changes in performance on cognitive tests routinely used in AD clinical trials. METHOD Fifty-two subjects from the placebo-arm(More)
A theory of diversity in speeded cognition, the difference engine, is proposed, in which information processing is represented as a series of generic computational steps. Some individuals tend to perform all of these computations relatively quickly and other individuals tend to perform them all relatively slowly, reflecting the existence of a general(More)
Much of the cell surface on the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila is covered by a polarized lattice of cytoskeletal structures that are associated with basal bodies of the ciliary rows. Unique structural landmarks, including an oral apparatus and contractile vacuole pores, develop before cell division in localized domains located, respectively, posterior and(More)
The centromere is a unique chromosomal locus that ensures accurate segregation of chromosomes during cell division by directing the assembly of a multiprotein complex, the kinetochore. The centromere is marked by a conserved variant of conventional histone H3 termed CenH3 or CENP-A (ref. 2). A conserved motif of CenH3, the CATD, defined by loop 1 and helix(More)
In two experiments, younger and older observers carried out feature searches for targets defined by their luminance contrast and orientation. Additionally, they received consistent-mapping (CM) training in luminance contrast by orientation conjunction search, followed by a brief exposure to conjunction search under reversal conditions. In Experiment 1,(More)
Researchers in a growing number of areas (including cognitive development, aging, and neuropsychology) use Brinley plots to compare the processing speed of different groups. Ratcliff, Spieler, and McKoon (2000) argued that a Brinley plot is a quantile-quantile (Q-Q) plot and that therefore Brinley plot regression slopes measure standard deviation ratios(More)
Ciliates exhibit an asymmetry in arrangement of surface structures around the cell which could be termed handedness. If the usual order of placement of structures defines a 'right-handed' (RH) cell, then a cell with this order reversed would be 'left-handed' (LH). Such LH forms appear to be produced in Tetrahymena thermophila through aberrant reorganization(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the psychometric properties of an alternative instrument to the cognitive subscale of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale, a neuropsychological test battery (NTB) for measuring drug efficacy in Alzheimer disease clinical trials. DESIGN The NTB was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of AN1792(QS-21)(More)
The effects of secondary tasks on verbal and spatial working memory were examined in multiple child, young adult, and older adult samples. Although memory span increased with age in the child samples and decreased with age in the adult samples, there was little evidence of systematic change in the magnitude of interference effects. Surprisingly, individuals(More)