Lisa M Chamberlain

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Lactococcus lactis is a nonpathogenic and noncolonizing bacterium which is being developed as a vaccine delivery vehicle for immunization by mucosal routes. To determine whether lactococci can also deliver cytokines to the immune system, we have constructed novel constitutive expression strains of L. lactis which accumulate a test antigen, tetanus toxin(More)
To determine whether a protective immune response could be elicited by oral delivery of a recombinant bacterial vaccine, tetanus toxin fragment C (TTFC) was expressed constitutively in Lactococcus lactis and administered orally to C57 BL/6 mice. The antibody titers elicited were lower than those following intranasal immunization (a route already known to(More)
The foreign body response (FBR) comprises a general, ubiquitous host tissue-based reaction to implanted materials. In vitro cell-based models are frequently employed to study FBR mechanisms involving cell signaling responses to materials. However, these models often study only one cell type, identify only limited signals, and cannot accurately represent the(More)
Every year the U.S. National Institutes of Health publishes a report called the Jordan Report which describes progress in the study of infectious diseases and their control by means of vaccination. The most recent report, entitled 'Accelerated Development of Vaccines 1995' neatly summarises the background to recent advances in vaccinology, and emphasises(More)
Inflammatory responses to biomaterials heavily influence the environment surrounding implanted devices, often producing foreign-body reactions. The macrophage is a key immunomodulatory cell type consistently associated with implanted biomaterials and routinely used in short-term in vitro cell studies of biomaterials aiming to reproduce host responses.(More)
The mucosal and cellular responses of mice were studied, following mucosal-route administration of recombinant Lactococcus lactis expressing tetanus toxin fragment C (TTFC), which is a known immunogen protective against tetanus. A TTFC-specific T-cell response with a mixed profile of T-helper (Th) subset-associated cytokines was elicited in the intestine,(More)
Cells of the mononuclear phagocytic system including monocytes and macrophages (e.g., pooled human monocytes, bone marrow-derived macrophages, etc.) are often employed for in vitro assessment of novel biomaterials and to assay anti-inflammatory drug activity. In this context, numerous macrophage cells are treated interchangeably in the literature despite a(More)
The consumption of sugar and sugar-containing foods in 32 patients with recently diagnosed Crohn's disease was significantly greater than in matched controls; the assessment was made by a questionnaire and depended upon patients recalling their eating habits. In a further study of 16 patients with Crohn's disease, all food eaten over 5 days was weighed and(More)
Monocyte/macrophage adhesion to biomaterials, correlated with foreign body response, occurs through protein-mediated surface interactions. Albumin-selective perfluorocarbon (FC) biomaterials are generally poorly cell-conducive because of insufficient receptor-mediated surface interactions, but macrophages bind to albumin-coated substrates and also(More)
Thiolated dimeric tetramethylrhodamine (TAMRA) was synthesized in a straightforward procedure utilizing commercially available 5(6)-succinimidyl TAMRA and cystamine hydrochloride. The thiol-containing TAMRA dimer displayed distinct spectral properties in reduced and oxidized forms; covalent dimer formation produced greater effects on the spectral properties(More)
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