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The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of ifosfamide was investigated in a group of 16 pediatric patients (5 girls) aged 1-17 years. Each received a dose of 3 g/m2/day for up to 3 days by continuous infusion. Plasma and urine were collected, and concentrations of ifosfamide and its principal metabolites were determined by a quantitative high-performance thin(More)
Eleven children and adolescents with previously normal renal function who received ifosfamide for the treatment of extrarenal solid tumours underwent detailed investigation of glomerular and renal tubular function to assess the incidence and extent of renal damage. None had received cisplatin. Glomerular filtration rate (measured by plasma clearance of 51Cr(More)
Use of a height/plasma creatinine formula to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is simpler and less invasive than renal or plasma clearance methods. The aim of this study was to determine whether these formulas enabled accurate prediction of GFR measured from the plasma clearance of 51Cr labelled ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (51Cr-EDTA). Thirty(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors for long-term nephrotoxicity after ifosfamide for childhood cancers are not fully known. We have studied patient-related and treatment-related risk factors for chronic ifosfamide nephrotoxicity. METHODS A group of 23 children who had received ifosfamide at age 2.1-16.2 years (median 6.9) for various cancers were assessed for(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to define the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin in children and use the data to develop a pediatric dose formula. It was anticipated that renal function would be a major determinant of carboplatin disposition and the relationship between carboplatin clearance and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was examined in detail. (More)
The alkylating agent cyclophosphamide is a prodrug which is metabolized in vivo to produce both therapeutic and toxic effects. Cyclophosphamide metabolism was investigated in 36 children with various malignancies. Concentrations of cyclophosphamide and its principal metabolites were measured in plasma and urine using a quantitative high-performance TLC(More)
The pharmacological effects of ifosfamide (IFO) are dependent on its metabolism which may vary between different modes of administration. This was studied in 17 patients who received both a continuous infusion (9 g/m2 over 72 h) and repeated bolus administration (3 g/m2 every 24 h for 3 days). Concentrations of IFO and its metabolites were determined in(More)
Although both cyclophosphamide (CP) and ifosfamide (IF) are used in the treatment of central nervous system tumors, little is known about the concentration of either drug or their metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children. The concentrations of the parent oxazaphosphorine and its principal metabolites were measured simultaneously in the(More)
 The aim of this study was to investigate intrasubject variability in ifosfamide (IFO) pharmacokinetics and metabolism which may influence clinical effect, since the pharmacology of this drug is dependent on metabolism. A group of 11 patients (ages 1–16 years) were studied on at least two occasions. IFO, 9 gm-2, was administered as a continuous infusion(More)
Nephrotoxicity is an important adverse effect of chemotherapy in children. Renal function after treatment with either ifosfamide or cisplatinum in children aged 5 years or less ('younger children') was compared with that in those over 5 years ('older children'). Eighteen children (six younger, 12 older) given ifosfamide were studied after completion of(More)