Lisa L. Grant

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The expression of unconventional vesicular glutamate transporter VGLUT3 by neurons known to release a different classical transmitter has suggested novel roles for signaling by glutamate, but this distribution has raised questions about whether the protein actually contributes to glutamate release. We now report that mice lacking VGLUT3 are profoundly deaf(More)
Ca(V)1.3 channels comprise a vital subdivision of L-type Ca2+ channels: Ca(V)1.3 channels mediate neurotransmitter release from auditory inner hair cells (IHCs), pancreatic insulin secretion, and cardiac pacemaking. Fitting with these diverse roles, Ca(V)1.3 channels exhibit striking variability in their inactivation by intracellular Ca2+. IHCs show(More)
Cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) convert sounds into receptor potentials and via their ribbon synapses into firing rates in auditory nerve fibers. Multivesicular release at individual IHC ribbon synapses activates AMPA-mediated EPSCs with widely ranging amplitudes. The underlying mechanisms and specific role for multivesicular release in encoding sound are(More)
Modulation of voltage-gated calcium channels was studied in inner hair cells (IHCs) in an ex vivo preparation of the apical turn of the rat organ of Corti. Whole cell voltage clamp in the presence of potassium channel blockers showed inward calcium currents with millisecond activation and deactivation kinetics. When temperature was raised from 22 to 37(More)
This review will cover advances in the study of hair cell afferent synaptic function occurring between 2005 and 2008. During this time, capacitance measurements of vesicular fusion have continued to be refined, optical methods have added insights regarding vesicle trafficking, and paired intracellular recordings have established the transfer function of the(More)
BACKGROUND CHARGE syndrome has an estimated prevalence of 1/10,000. Most cases are sporadic which led to hypotheses of a non-genetic aetiology. However, there was also evidence for a genetic cause with reports of multiplex families with presumed autosomal dominant, possible autosomal recessive inheritance and concordant twin pairs. We identified a(More)
The afferent synapse between the inner hair cell (IHC) and the auditory nerve fiber provides an electrophysiologically accessible site for recording the postsynaptic activity of a single ribbon synapse. Ribbon synapses of sensory cells release neurotransmitter continuously, the rate of which is modulated in response to graded changes in IHC membrane(More)
This paper presents two new strategies for navigation of a swarm of robots for target/mission focused applications including landmine detection and firefighting. The first method presents an embedded fuzzy logic approach in the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm robots and the second method presents a swarm of fuzzy logic controllers, one on each(More)
The sensory hair cells of the mammalian cochlea transduce acoustic stimuli into auditory nerve activity. The biomechanical and molecular details of hair cell mechanotransduction are being acquired at an ever-finer level of resolution. In this review, we discuss how selected mouse mutants and transgenic models have contributed to, and will continue to shape,(More)
Power System Stabilizers (PSSs) are used in interconnected power systems in order to mitigate low frequency oscillations. The comparison of the performances of four advanced population based techniques in tuning the parameters of PSS in a three-machine-nine-bus test system is presented in this paper. The algorithms considered in this paper are: a)(More)