Learn More
BACKGROUND Inorganic mercury is toxic to the nervous system, kidneys, and reproductive system. We studied the health effects of mercury exposure among former employees of a chloralkali plant that operated from 1955 to 1994 in Georgia. METHODS Former plant workers and unexposed workers from nearby employers were studied. Exposure was assessed with a(More)
BACKGROUND Women physicians may have a multiplicity of domestic roles (eg, cook, housekeeper, child care provider) that are of inherent interest and that may affect their professional lives, but are largely unstudied. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES We report data from respondents (N = 4501) to the Women Physicians' Health Study,(More)
Text4baby was launched in 2010 to promote healthy pregnancies and babies by the use of text messaging. The primary objective of this study was to assess factors related to the enrollment process and reception of text4baby. A prospective cohort study was conducted in two Women, Infant and Children clinics in Atlanta (April 2010-July 2011). Randomly selected(More)
Our objective was to assess the reproducibility and accuracy of fat and of fruit and vegetable items on a 43-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) previously self-administered by students at 16 US medical schools. Five in-person, 24-hour recalls were administered between two FFQ administrations to 88 medical students. Reported fat intake decreased from(More)
Text messaging is an increasingly popular communication tool in health interventions, but has been little studied in maternal and infant health. This literature review evaluates studies of text messaging that may be applied to the promotion of maternal and infant health. Articles from peer-reviewed journals published before June 2012 were included if they(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have examined factors affecting medical students' specialty choice, but little research exists on stability of these specialty interests. OBJECTIVE To describe patterns of change in specialty interests during medical school and examine associations between specialty change patterns and gender, desire for a high-prestige career, and(More)
BACKGROUND Despite major changes in health care, the prevalence and predictors of career satisfaction have not recently been comprehensively studied in either women or men physicians. METHODS The Women Physicians' Health Study surveyed a nationally representative random sample (n = 4501 respondents; response rate, 59%) of US women physicians. Using(More)
CONTEXT While some studies have shown that physicians with healthy personal habits are especially likely to discuss prevention with their patients, to our knowledge no one has published information testing whether physician credibility and patient motivation to adopt healthier habits are enhanced by physician's disclosures of their own healthy behaviors. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine which factors affect alcohol counselling practices among medical students. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Nationally representative medical schools (n=16) in the United States. PARTICIPANTS Medical students who graduated in 2003. INTERVENTIONS Questionnaires were completed (response rate 83%) at the start of students' first year(More)
BACKGROUND Nutrition counseling by physicians can improve patients' dietary behaviors and is affected by physicians' nutrition practices and attitudes, such as the perceived relevance of nutrition counseling. OBJECTIVE The objective was to provide data on medical students' perceived relevance of nutrition counseling, reported frequency of nutrition(More)