Lisa Juntti-Berggren

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The ATP-sensitive potassium channel is a key molecular complex for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. In humans, mutations in either of the two subunits for this channel, the sulfonylurea type 1 receptor (Sur1) or Kir6.2, cause persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy. We have generated and characterized Sur1 null(More)
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is associated with the appearance of electrical activity in the pancreatic beta-cell. At intermediate glucose concentrations, beta-cell electrical activity follows a characteristic pattern of slow oscillations in membrane potential on which bursts of action potentials are superimposed. The electrophysiological background(More)
Based on the findings that proinsulin C-peptide binds specifically to cell membranes, we investigated the effects of C-peptide and related molecules on the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in human renal tubular cells using the indicator fura-2/AM. The results show that human C-peptide and its C-terminal pentapeptide (positions 27–31, EGSLQ), but(More)
Several proteins that are of importance for membrane trafficking in the nerve terminal have recently been characterized. We have used Western blot and immunohistochemistry to show that synaptotagmin, synaptobrevin/VAMP (vesicle-associated membrane protein), SNAP-25 (synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa), and syntaxin proteins are present in cells of(More)
In type 1 diabetes (T1D), there is a specific destruction of the insulin secreting pancreatic beta cell. Although the exact molecular mechanisms underlying beta cell destruction are not known, sera from T1D patients have been shown to promote Ca(2+)-induced apoptosis. We now demonstrate that apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII) is increased in serum from T1D(More)
In the present study an attempt was made to further elucidate the molecular mechanisms whereby protein kinase C (PKC) modulates the beta-cell stimulus-secretion coupling. Regulation of Ca2+ channel activity, [Ca2+]i, and insulin release were investigated in both normal pancreatic mouse beta-cells and in similar beta-cells deprived of PKC activity. [Ca2+]i(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms responsible for the acute, stimulatory effects of interleukin-1 beta (rIL-1 beta; 1 ng/ml) on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets. For this purpose, mouse islets were exposed for 60-120 min to rIL-1 beta and their function and metabolism characterized during this period. The cytokine(More)
Type I diabetes [insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)] is an autoimmune disease associated with the destruction of pancreatic beta cells. Serum from patients with IDDM increased L-type calcium channel activity of insulin-producing cells and of GH3 cells derived from a pituitary tumor. The subsequent increase in the concentration of free cytoplasmic(More)
The contribution of interleukin (IL)-6 signaling in obesity-induced inflammation remains controversial. To specifically define the role of hepatic IL-6 signaling in insulin action and resistance, we have generated mice with hepatocyte-specific IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) alpha deficiency (IL-6Ralpha(L-KO) mice). These animals showed no alterations in body weight(More)
A decline in cognitive function has been reported in type 1 diabetes, but its relation to different disease factors such as hypoglycemic events and peripheral neuropathy is controversial. The objective of the present study was to identify factors that are important for cognitive impairment in type 1 diabetes. A cross-sectional study was performed in adult(More)