Lisa J Croucher

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Cathepsin K (EC 3.4.22.38) is a recently described enzyme that has been shown to cleave type I collagen in its triple helix. The aim of this study was to determine if it also cleaves type II collagen in the triple helix and to identify the helical cleavage site(s) in types I and II collagens. Soluble human and bovine type II collagen, and rat type I(More)
AIMS To investigate the relative stability of collagen metabolites in degrading cartilage. METHODS New antipeptide antibodies to denaturation epitopes located in the N-terminal and C-terminal regions of the type II collagen helix have been made and characterized. Type II collagen fragments in the conditioned medium from cultures of degrading bovine nasal(More)
Bovine articular chondrocytes were maintained in high density pellet cultures with and without serum and nucleotide triphosphates for different periods of time. Despite half-lives in culture of about 3 h, adenosine triphosphate and uridine triphosphate in the presence of serum increased sulphated glycosaminoglycan and collagen deposition above control(More)
BACKGROUND Markers of crypt cell proliferation are frequently employed in studies of the impact of genetic and exogenous factors on human colonic physiology. Human studies often rely on the assessment of tissue acquired at endoscopy. Modulation of cell proliferation by bowel preparation with oral laxatives may confound the findings of such studies, but(More)
A number of studies, notably EPIC, have shown a descrease in colorectal cancer risk associated with increased fibre consumption. Whilst the underlying mechanisms are likely to be multifactorial, production of the short-chain fatty-acid butyrate fro butyratye is frequently cited as a major potential contributor to the effect. Butyrate inhibits histone(More)
We have analyzed the distribution of type II collagen N- and C-propeptides in the cell layers and culture medium of bovine articular chondrocyte pellet cultures. Two splice variants of the type II collagen N-propeptide were detected by immunoblotting and immunoassay, using a new anti-peptide antibody, while the C-propeptide was detected using a monoclonal(More)
A peptide specific antibody (AH1OW1) was raised against an epitope, AH10 (aa 449-463), of the alpha1(IV) chain adjacent to a cleavage site for matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 within the triple helix of type IV collagen. The antibody only reacted with denatured and reduced preparations of type IV collagen, or with pepsin isolated type IV collagen(More)
Aims—To investigate the relative stability of collagen metabolites in degrading cartilage. Methods—New antipeptide antibodies to denaturation epitopes located in the N-terminal and C-terminal regions of the type II collagen helix have been made and characterised. Type II collagen fragments in the conditioned medium from cultures of degrading bovine nasal(More)
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